LJ YwLS)

 xbb tgR  k-ESOG  

vLK:: T@ 18 < :: U lS SHK (Kc?) cv ^ }W< k J I pK:: <=~ JeM kx@C.xY.v!  ` T>\ D :: KԔ }kU֔ ҋ <::

vK? VM G< U[< w” u? }^Ê <:: `ǁ [MM:: u?}cx z[c< ` U` <lU c< T>\u vu= ^p K K?L W` <e u? }^Ê < U[< b@tsc =<l LfLGM::

u}KSŨ< LK TU Ë 18 S K ׃ S L }SM z[c< ` < U[< wKA SS u<U ËMU:: =<U ǔ ׄ u}T> e\M z[c< ` U` Ӕ S` MKU < <nLI "D K`c< Ku?}cxU KS` M`<U::

Ӕ eS < Ku?}cxi T]<? w ־"D H@ w< Lcw<uU G< T>deu<  K?KA Bz# a K< K SKMe w< T õ H@::

vK ]CN kx@C.xY.v! ` Sb k< w uSdD <:: `Ӵ K TK wY XRGZ ksb U U`S^ lBz#wC IK= ȁ < :: T"] }S`S\ wYM xTmRm wKA U` W<U  "KM}S[S\ K=\ T>K< ҭ kLM e v  SS] e S[h Ŕu< K=v< uT>K< ss GL}L} [Ѩ< ò[^K<:: @ = vK] 8 ^ W <` :: }S[S[ kYrs# UR U` k::u^ L u` `"D*< kY[c< ` T>\ kYrs# ` S^W l "[Ѳ< u=e 6 ^ u%EL <:: YH bbR yxF gT bg# XC Y btdrg _T xBc$ XC yx@C.xY.v! ydM W-@cWN yWq$T bmjmW wYM kz! b bk\T XRGZ x"nT bdrGcW ydM MRm nW

w = ^X< Mp eKlT  wYM SlwLT M ڒnK:: e Mx ݓ ߔk S[ui mB\L\L =<< T>st$cW SC cW UMŨ< U ywldCW MM u}SXX G<@ en <e K= J cTM:: u}K I Hdw T>eڔn< dG Bz# XC gl#:: ǔʇ Slz!H g#Y s!w S\ [} ` d`c< v< w Mv [ K=\ T>< uUv KL Y}ͬL::

vK]CN ekTG< KU M}S[S^G<U u`; M"D I JM w Lcw<U up~ ŗ”U J ^c? M}^`<U G<U KSS`S` unG< `dD (T"]) UMv Yrs# uUi e }і MJ> K=}LK ËLM eK >? < }S[S`<::

uG< c eK M* U<k< kL S[ < S<K< uS<K< z[c< M* SJ< T>k< G<K S wYM u=e 18 ^ >? b <vK]CN  M* ŃtRFT ÓE WT T}r }T cTK:: lC

M K]< M `<U K<:: u}KY uIwrtsb# }kvÒ KTӖ ȃ c? T>e }vK M T M TX Kv:: KuK= U< c?T U<e J<:: M S<K MKU TK un SH Slz!H bx+RM Yh#N brJM g!z@ v[^K: YnfUM: TIu`: `: Kpf b@T: W` } uT>vK< xC S } G<K< v } JvM::

 LJ kz!H l@M BT nW btlY dG XT x@C.xY.v! lT mN ktrC LJ ybl-WN TfLUlC M XNd l# gT xdUW lTM kXT wd LJ ymtl h#n@ \ YL 40 % bL dr ymtlF XDl# xl

bl@ bk#L LJ mWlD zR mq-L nW:: zR mq-L lT MN lT YN) lwldW MN stN) MN xWR\N) yfW ngR ktkst lN TtN) ...LJ -@¥ mLM XT YfLUL FQR HYwT yMTs_ xlMN b* xYN tmLK yMY b-@ bdS yMDG XT YL wC ! lz!H M> l!s-# YgL

bzW!t$ SpEL gR*cW xBc$ XC lcW bHmM MKNT tlYtcL btmY h#n@ XNd lCN y 18 xmT lU wT h#l# xBc$ bl@ wgN XRĬ y cW ! bz!H Y LJ t=mr lT MN lT XNdn ly GCh# tWk#T

XDcW xRc$ m=r Y yg#T XT xN* nb g yxND wR HN xQfW -l# Ytd ynbT - bm_ nbR kdNbCW mL xN twĩcW bST xT wT yg!z@ Y WS_ nFs -#R n# yx@C.xY.v! ydM MRmWN fQdW s!dRg# bdcW WS_ Yrs# XNdtg tngcW l@lC ST LC x*cW xN* sW b@T tQ_ TslC l@l־ yT XNlC xYwQM k 11 mT xND LcW X x!S ktwldCW HN UR Yl# X!H XT kYrs# UR XNd l_qET g!z@ ƧcW lnW sW s!nGT Bz#M GD XNLs-W gL kcW tlYaL

xh#N X!H XT lcW ySN XRĬ b!g#M lLcW wtT GTM mkyTMmGTM xLl#M Slz!H XT lLcW -#cWN xg#R\L mwsD xlbT ym=rW x+ YH SlnbcW bzW!t$ SpEL lg# kYr\# UR l XC KTTL ldRg# x k!M _q& \nzRk# bxND wgN yXT -#T wtT bXJg# tm+ nW YƧL bl@ wgN dG Yrs#N kXT wd LJ bStl bk#L xdU XNlW YglL YHN XC XNT Ygnzb#L XNTS SRq$L) xL*cW y-@ lW kcW xNR B g#ĆN mmLkT GD ncW

yXmb@tEt$ xYnT XC bR cW wtT XNYt wYM yR wtT XNYgz# xQM -# XRĬ dG yg# U_l# bX bk#L l!R yClWN xdU lmqnS bSCL mNgD -#cWN XN!-b# DrG nW yMNClW xl#" l!R yClWN xdU XNT mqnS YCL) tk _q&Ch# kn Xn@M -YqEcW nbR k!M

XNG!H XX...X XNdwqW XC kwl!D b` y-b# kn Yrs# ymt XDL XNl YwL M xQcW Fi#M yYfqD kn l@ xU XRĬ g# x yXT -#T B b!NS ltkY SDST wT _bT nW bFi#M l@ ngR Y=mRbT YH exclusive breaste feeding YƧL bM xdUW ngR Yr\#N kXT wd LJ XN!tlF ydRgW l@ ngR mqql# nW xN yXT -#T l@ g!z@ -# kts-W y-#WN N}H Fi#M m-bQ SlYL L ltQ_ l!Ul_ YCL tQ-# dG xNjt$N SlL bq_lW L yXt$N -#T b-bT g!z@ Yr\# bwtt$ x"nT gB k\lW xNjT Y RL bd WS_M YsL Slz!H xN!T XT l@ wtT lTM yM wYM yR wtT l# bl# lL* GT bN}H xzUJ QrBmS-TLlC b!NS l6 wT! b!NS lSDST wT MNM ngR YqqLbT W`M XN*N T=MR -#aN _a xdUWN YqNL k! NGGcWN xrg# /b!NS lSDST wT MNM ngR Y=mRbT ylWN -bQ xDRgW nW ytgT hk!/

XC XRGZ s!k\T k\cW \ yMKR xgLGlT tkTl Ymrml# W-@cW bdM WS_ Yr\# XNl mlkt tk ngR \ nW L YwlD xYwlD) lL YngrW xYngrW? lb@t\C YngcW xYngcW) kwl b -l# x-b#M) l_ƬcW xb!cW (bz#cW) l# \C MN l!gMt$ YCl#) wL ldG xQM YfQL xYfQDM) ir x@C.xY.v! mDn!T lG߬cW  wYM btly b> MKNT b!t$ Lc$ MN Yl#)

! mmRmR mc&) Y h#l#M l!SBbT yg _q& s!N btlY GN kYr\# UR y XC yTR dC SlmWlD xlmWlD MN mw\N xlcW) XNN \W ks# yx! xQM y|n L BRT -@ yb@tsB yTR xUR h#n@  wzt xNR l!mlktW YCL MNT XNg" _ g!z@

*********

s@C btlY YmR-#L !

xbb tgR

k-ESOG

. . . 38 T>K<" T>J< uKU <] T>і< "ʋ K=" Tq\ u  Withdrawal" " z` fX>" c? wM < uTce z < :: _ eK=I < LҋG< <" bm~ K"`U G<" lG< TS nL" LK" "kU kM - f"G<" "іG< cu?U kKG< ::

} T>SeM K= Sq] S" < :: JU " up`u< u25 k[b#T u< q " (ancient) z xh#NM l SJ<" Ml#:: u}K V "~ Uw` }`U u}WC< b~` u< T>kS<u < :: 2W KS" Su= Ua u~` }V uT>vK< vu= l# nwC wl!DN y-T bGN#nT g!z@ eT@ L K=`| c=n[B " ` fdg<" s@a wM < uTce nW:: JU eT@" mq` "` c= I ÉLM? b!vMe? %EL "SKeuK" ::

eK K= Sq] zC s!sBM n s!w G<K?U ys@C h#l@M " < }` w ècM:: "ʋ `h w< <[ T>c֨< KU:: JU u"ʋU u<M u}K S"ʋ K=" Sq` "T>M "evK":: w"ʋ "U KA IK="" S" u}K c? T>-kS<vW K= Sq] SH> "` c=Y U"U " "p K?K< "" S" <:: =I < V S<K< uS<l# ` _ S}LK t$N gD (Vasecotomy) l@W z s!N kU c=M X<" z!H i#h#F Sh J" dG " z` fX>" c? wM < uTce z "Withdrawal method" <::

KU"" W I S" <[ }nfg< Bl -qE l U"c$ G<K w "<:: SS]< <?~ k} (inefficient) eKJ" c< s! eT@ "` s!Y V l` <+ T>J"u}" K`Ӵ" yTK K< c eKJ T>K< "<::

eK ~` MU "g "<:: ~`<" eK M L< S`I "< lU ` w< M M bM }x S U M" " Hw `YL dJN u TX SM" MЇ" Iè TS Y tk#l#<::

w = G<K M w èMK<:: = òK<U m V u=u fe M Õ^M K?KAc$ "! K"~U Kv~U:: G<K uLY wK }k< c=SMc< "U ueI} U }TS<u K= Sq] z eI} VT " Lԁ< (ideally) G<K MЋ w "=^< bR::

= I" Lԁ<N <" KT[ [U >? Ua bN< Q " ` >N ks@a BLT W+ bFsS z kTK<:: MKNt$ u~` e 1965 " a<" S" kS` YNE K= Sq] mNgC lm-qM uIҩ S" }fqd SLnbr l!N YCL:: / " =I " LY }і kM M lU ` K/

"@U T>St&M u?}cx"U vMup< S" [Ӵ" }c}: u%EL "t& KT>St& " k` (LKu< uL! Stupid < K<) vM>" ^eI" wp uè< wL S[: = u%EL Withdrawal " SkU S`<" LM ƧsbW mNgD St LJ ywld " MTX ~` ::

u= bt$RK _qEC lTM k-QW _NC 20% yn#T HUE Ln mNgD ywl!D m- mDn!CN g# nbR k 1965 jM GN XN!WM mNGScW g#ĆN Sy Bl Y ywl!D m- mDn!CN bsW \=T jmr btlY k 1973 b" SR+t$N ybl- ldG C*L GN t$RWN kqdmW yzR f>N wd W+ kF\S /Withdrawal/ z xLtqq$M XN!WM XDgT xy : k 10 % wd 24% kz!M 31 bm yn# _NC zW tmCacW q_lWbL kz!h# UR ywl!D m-N k 1965 bT knbrW bG> qN YaL

xwNlT lWN z s@C btlY YmR-#L lMN bL lqRbW _q& wNCM s@CM y\-#T M> bxm# tmY nW MNM xYnT yN -NQ yl@lW bql# ylmD(yfiM) MNM U ySw wd Rs!M n -@ tM mD ySfLgW XNd mDn!c$ h#l# xLwsDk#M (rh#T) xr_k#T yL mNT yl@lbT NWM sW l!-qMbT yCL nW s!l# MKNT drDl# xNND wNC bt_L dG kws!B XR UR xYzW kNM ltl YmR-#L

xND m\rE _q& XNmLkT "Withdrawal" wNC bws!E GN#nT g!z@ ST wd F s!-U BLTN ks@a BLT bWT ywND zR f>N "sperm" FsS mL nW /Bz# Slg# -L XNT YdrUL? ylWN bDFrT lWT kz!H bY yL xLm\l"M/ GN YHN DRg!T wd tGR lmmlS YҧL wY? STN XC Q}bT Y wQ mgdB YҧL? YH XNG!H yLMD g#Y yGlsb#N Wn@ y-YQ nW lMl@ xND t$RE yzR f>N ks@T BLT W+ mF\|N "Withdrawal"N ytlmDk#T St& ywl!D mm XNKBL XywsdC lbT g!z@ XClh# xLCLM bL btdUU kkRk#T b` LM s!m "Pills" ywl!D m- XNKBl#N mWsD xmC" YL

b_Ql# XNdyGlsb# LMD Wn@ xM xQM ymlyt$ h#n@ tMbT GN ywND zR f>N ks@a BLT W+ F\S "Withdrawal" zN wd l@ ywl!D m- mUg xND x+ xDR mWsD \C l@ x+ bl@cW g!z@ l!-qbT XNdCl# YmkL kz!H l@ sC kXMnT/YT UR btz ywl!D mm yYwS wYM Bz# ywl!D m- mNgC xlR!K Xyf-cW ktcg x+ mN YCL Yl# lC

wd -"lCN SNm ywND zR f>N ks@a BLT W+ FsS z (Withdrawal) l#bTN DKmC -q$ mlyTN mR-L

bTKKL STN -B ywND zR f> kmMt$ bT BLTN WT xYL YL# MLT xNN yzR f> qD ysrQbT (Seep out) ydRGbT g!z@ YL M Ltflg XRGZ XN!k\T dRUL# s@C lmRT ywND BLT kwbT g!z@ bY YfLg# YL dG xlmGTN Yf_L# x@C.xY.v!N =M l@lC yxlzR b>C l!tl YCl## ywND zR f>N ks@a BLT W+ yF\| zN (Withdrawal) m-qM km 27 XJ yN XRGZ XN!ksT yDrG XDL xlW MNT XNg..._ g!z@

***

lDNgt KStT DNgt mFT

xbb tgR k-ESOG

. . . LJT XNd ng \R l!N wd xND y-@ tM dC "ng \Rg@ nW lmjm g!z@M ws!E GN#nT Xf}lh# xh#N lNbT h#n@ GN mwlD xNfLGM bmn#M DNgt ywl!D m- XNDT\-#" XfLUlh#" xlC ymr mrB (Internet) tkF Yn#R mrWN LQM xDRU XNBlC k!M yWq$T DNgt ywl!D m- lDNgt KStT kDNgt ws!E GN#nT b" y\_ XN! XN!H SbT N tBl lDrG GN#nT l@ mdb mkk wYM NM m-qM XNlT xSr . . . yng > yt-qs#TN ywl!D mkkC m-qM Fi#M xLflgCM

XN!H l# qL yYl# xUȸC y-@ lC U_cL xBc$ ybT hB ! DNgtW ywl!D mkk -qEC yYfLg#TN LJ kwL mkkWN \_ bqY mdb ln ws!E GN#nT mdb yn# mkkCN XN!-q k YL yC cW /.R `Ylg!Rg!S xYtNFs# YHN i#h#F E xRTT xdWbL XcWN xmSG wg@N Lq_L/

ngR btlY lwC DNgt XRGZ XNk\TcW h#n mFT TmSlC xNN bxLL m-C GT LJ mWlD LfLg#bT g!z@ l@ g!z@ dG NM m-qM lmflG wYM bGN#nT g!z@ b!qdD kz!H W+ ywR xb ;#dTN bm-bQ GN#nT yf} _NC (Calendar method yl#TN lT nW) qn#N wYM x-N bmT lMNM XRGZ mkk ws!B l!f} YCl# bxgCN krM g!z@M bT YNM DNgt ywl!D m- (Emergency Contraceptive pills-EC) XN!H l# xUȸC xgLGlT Y yl mFT nW

DNgt ywl!D m- (Emergency Contraceptive-EC) h#lT F XNKBL nC yMTw\dW GN#nT btdrg b72 sT WS_ nW ymjmN xND F bw\ k 12 \T b" XNdg q F Tw\lC YH ws!E GN#nT btfim b 72 sT WS_ ktw\d 85 bm XRGZWN YkkL g!z@W k 72 sT lf yfTN XRGZ ymkkL xQ bW m-N YqNL mDn!t$ XNT nW y\W? YkkL s!L gB MN dRUL) XmlSblh#

bR g! wC yxSgD mdfR xdU YdRScL b yxSgD mDfR wQT xSgD dͶW x@C.xY.v!N =M ll@lC yxlzR b>C !g! waN xUL*T l!N YCL Bz#C bRG_M lz!H XNdUl-# Yw"L kz!H bY dG kTfLgW \W yTfLgW XRGZ bTfLgW g!z@ bTfLgW XD l!m YCL DNgt ywl!D m- (EC) XN!H l# bR xUȸC b!NS XRGZW XNYksT WRM XNYktL t-qE wd -@ tM b 72 sT WS_ kdr\C mDn!t$ Y\ȬL

xNN dG kz!H W+ l# sCM ktlÆ MKNC tnStW l!-qbT YCl# lMl@ mdb ywl!D m- yMTwSD XTXHT DNgT btkY h#lT qT BTr bmL DNgt ywl!D m-WN bmw\D XRGZN mkkL TClC

DNgt ywl!D m- btmlkt xBZ ymkrW mkkWN mdb mkk DrG xYCLM yL nW lz!H MKNt$ kmdbc$ ywl!D mkkC UR xSt"nt$ s!iR ZQ l bmn# Lflg#T XRGZ XNYk\T nW qdM s!L yz!H yDNgt ywl!D m- ymkkL xQM 85 bm nW BlL ymdbW dG k99 bm bY nW YH dG qL yL xYnT LnT xYdlM bmn#M lDNgt xUȸW YHN DNgt mFT ywsd sW bqY wd mdb mGT XN! xh#NM DNgt nW bL lmdbW ws!E GN#na DNgt ywl!D m-N mdb DrG xTCLM- MKNT yTfLgW XRGZ l!k\T SlCL

bDNgt ywl!D m- bk#L l#T yN -NC/side effects/ MNDN cW? ktl m-n yn# lK yYs-# cW l_qET sT Ql>l> bxNND sC Y SmlS yS MT y-#T HmM l!R YCL btrf m-n yn bHiN bk#L ydM f> l!k\T b!CL XNG yn ngR xYdlM lXnz!H KStC wd k!M mD SfLG YCL bcW g!z@ yStkl# bmcW qdM s!L nnW l@W g#Y mDn!t$ wYM mkkW XNT Y\L ylW _q& nW TN> yl֩! TMHRTN wd " XSWS wYM wdT XN-YQ ys@T LJ btf_ byw kW yXNq$L Mr UN XNblW (Ovary) xND XNq$L xk#R xNq$l# kwND yzR f> UR wdgbT t$/fallopian tube/ T-UlC/TwlC DNgt ywl!D m- ! XNq$L XNYf-R dRUL YH xN |W nW bl@ bk#L dG xN!T XRGZ yTfLG s@T DNgt ywl!D mkk ws!B bfimC bST qT WS_ BTwSD mkkW yHiN GDG lXRGZ Mc$ h#n@ XNYf-RlT dRUL St SW /sperm/ ywND zR f>M Yh#N ys@a XNq$L bHiN WS_ GN#nT XNQS"s@ bDrG nW \W l!N yCL xL yf_T M DNgt ywl!D m- ktwsd yh#lt$NM XNQS"s@ bStٯL xN kl@W UR XNYg"

dRUL...yDNgt ywl!D m- (EC) bWL ywq$T |c$ Xnz!H cW bNCN mL YH DNgt ywl!D m- ygW XNdNWM mDn!T byRs!W YN b-@ t̥T B y-@ lCN bkR yg" nW MNT XNg"..._ g!z@

***

s@C xSgDdW YdFl#?

xbb tgR k-ESOG

......... q_l ytzrzT xYnT HRT bxND sW Y kSntl MLT xSgD ymDfR FT lW l!N YCL yl#N yxXM y|n L Mh#N cW

btlÆ xUȸC sC l!-q$" YCl# yL yR_ y|UT |T

s@CN ygL}bT N bM t ywrd ZQ xDR ymlkT "lg@ "TN" m-qM ydFR

btdUU km-N lf dr mTmb=T Sb=W g#Y rM g!z@ dUG sB

kFt yD (yiY) mlw_ yYbT

km-N lf SN B ym_ ST yl@lCN B yL lm_ TKKL xYdl#M yL mdMd mWsD

Bz# g!z@ l@lC \CN ZQ xDR mmLkT YHN y ngCN mgR (L BT)

DNgT t$G lT YHNM l!-T yCl#bT xQM T

q$-# t mN

y+n@ H NirQ btlY yxLL m-C b--#bT g!z@ YH H zL mWT

Xnz!H HRT bwNC Y k bxm# xSgD ymdfR xUȸ YcL (Potential rapist) cW M Xnz!H HRT btdUU bBz# (xSgDdW bdf) \C Y y b_T ytdg Yh#n# XN! h#l@ TKKL cW tBlW xYw\M kz!HM bY N xSgD l!dFR wYM YdFR YCL ylWN bWL mlyT wQ bXJg# kD nW MKNt$M E _"T yf} \C HRY ytly N kl@W Fi#M t"n! l!N yCLbTM xUȸ Sl nW M bxSgD dͶC Y tdUGmW yT MLKC (xdg yS-NqqE MLKC Warning signs ) yl#T GN wNCN btmlkt kY tzrzT cW

bngCN mhL XSh#N XwN ynbrW |l wND E _"T \NC nW s@CS) wNC s@CN (bBT) XN!h#M wNC wNCN xSgDdW XNddFT h#l# s@C wNCN XN!h#M s@C s@CN XNdz!W xSgDdW YdFl# YH yYw LB yYL (cL ytl) GN byTWM xb! (hgR) yfiM KStT (phenomenon) nW lNWM "wq$T xYM" XN!l# NN E _"T l!\nZ YCl# tBlW ygmt$ \C yNiRcW HRT dG Xnz!H cW

g l yQT |aN lm-R *N kb@t\B mhL glL dRUlC

t+ (tJ) nC qnT YL Bz# ngCN b"R TmLlC wYM mLM Ln g}W TmlklC

yl@lC \CN g@ g@_ (:") T\R"lC STdD :" TwrWlC (T\BlC)

yl@lC \CN yGL g#Y WlC L" TglC

l@ \W Y (gNzBN btmlkt) _g ymN ST NiR"lC

gCW \W UR h#l# d zmD ymM\L kFt FT lC

lq$ H Sg xlM mdbqE xLL m-_ wYM :} mW\D TfLUlC

N B \CN ydD ymZlF SB:N y̹> FT YL

kY ytzrzT HT MLT lxqEC bm-n# cWNM n LcWN lmRT GZ XNdN XN! btlY yCG tU+ yl#T HT GN XN*N bz!H dr tg# HRt$N b\C Y mlyT YQR bx-"Y |l ws!E GN#nT bWL yWq$ xYdl#M YH g#Y s!n xNND bXJg# ySdnG-# l\BM ykB lMN s!L M> y-ͧcW wYM G yUb# g#CN XglN q_l ynbbW bxND wQT bdb#B xF NSbRG ytfim nW "yxMST wR HN bh#lT \C tg tdfrC" Hɕ bdM XN tlW tgC bmL "tg" ylW "L (bXNGl!zW Slt-qbT t-qMk#bT XN!) yxMST wR HN M YN ygddW Hl!? x*? .

bdb#B xF xN!T ys@C mBT xJ _T -QsW XNdl#T kn by 26 sND xN!T s@T tg TdflC YH XJG xSdNU+ yYmN ymSL kmn#M bY xSgD mDfR MN lT nW? SNT xYnT xSgD mDfR xl? ylWN GMT WS_ SgTN Y-Y"L

yk!SNN xND LMD WUCh# k VOA (kx DM} yXNGl!zW xgLGlT Y) bZnW xmT ytdm- nW bt-q\W hgR kXMnT UR btz xND yFTH SRT xl yD dNB /Hudood Ordinace/ bL Yw"L xN!T s@T LgrD tg tdF wd FTH |R;t$ BTD bqE mr lTM y\W wYM mdfN RG- ydRG xNC xYnT mr Ltg * wNjl tdRU wd B_ TwRlC "XN*NS zNB> XN!WM -@ n>" trT Xz!H Y YwL

Bz# g!z@ tgdW ytdf wC g#N gLiW lmgR yKBdt$ m-N yTyl@l YNcL MKNt$M xSgD dͶW yQRB zmD xT yST wYM yL zmC yQRB rb@T wYM wJ ymb@T xl" yXHT L wzt Sln# tkTl ymWN WSBSB CGR Yfl# kz!H W+ dG g# kws!E GN#nT UR ytz bmn# yFR g#Y YNcW xMqW YYz#L bxBW dG xSgD dͶC DRg!t$N kfi b` Sfl# YZl# ìLl# bXnz!H bl@lT MKNC ytn tdͶ tlg# TlC YH btlY yf_rW yHl! mrb> mwK dG Bz#c$N ltl yxXM CGC Xn\# cWNM wd xSgD ymDfR LMD YktcL l@W g#N xFnW XNdYz# ydRUcW dG FTH T nW xSgD dfC xNN bqL QT Ylq"l# l@ g!z@ yl!S yFTH xCN b_Q _QM xcWN YzcL kz!H l@M bx-"lY yS> CGR FT nW bL C SlMTL l@lC ytdf s@C dFrW tbrTtW wd FTH xL xYM kz!h bY ! xSgD dͶW bxdY YdFR YmSL GL} mr ktl l@lC wd HG XNYdRs# ydRG YmSL

yz!H yE _"T g#Y ktn xSqD m-NqQ YbJ xYqRM GN HTN bMN mNgD StR YҧL? kY kihW SM UR /ESOG/ ylW MN lT nW BCh# l-y"Ch#" Ethiopian Society of Obstetrician and Gynecologist lT yx!Te }NS HiN hk!C HbR lT s!N YHN i#h#F kxDS xDvRYz!G UR bmtbR byMNt$ yqRBCh# DRJT nW li#h#CN " ymr mrB (Internet) MN+ xL MNT XNg". . . _ g!z@

***

?T yn+xcW S:lC

kR mSFN xRx bx!S xb n!vRStE yxXM

HKM TMHRT KFL ` UR ytdrg Y

xbb tgR k-ESOG

xbb bQD btlY ncW wdMfLUcW _q&C l!wsdN kl xBZ Xy\nW lN xND g#Y yHT wNC s@C mdfR mdUUM nW YH bXNt yxXM k!C zND ytly -@ xUȸ f_L)

R mSFN MLT XN!H l CGR yU_cW HT mjmn# LK xdUW XNddr\cW ycW C q_ wd X yxXM k!C YN wd l@lC t̥T nW wT wNCM n# HC wNC yT mjm ydRsW xE CGR Sln lxE CGcW mFT wdg#bT nW yT DRg!t$ XNG!H yxL CGR ktlW h#n@ UR ytz b!NM q_l ymW -W wYM xdUW lrM g!z@ yyW xXM Y ydR\W xdU nW btlY HT Y bdRSbT g!z@ wC MLKt$N bql# |lWq$ |lYr XNdg Bz# g!z@ dG Ht$ bTKKL gL-W lwcW Sl XN!M s!L wC g#N s!r ng xͶ mn#N Slq$ YHNN xͶ ngR Y dG LcWN Ul-# cWNM Ul_ SlmScW kz!H bt= dG wdyT Y mD XNlcW NN kR XNlcW Slq$ CG ytdbq nW ymSlW bX zND M GN btly g!z@ ytlÆ xUȸC XNd XlN kz!H ƚgR dG btlY XN!H l# xUȸCN yStG t̥T xl# HC ymdfR xdU s!dRScW dW XRĬ yg#cW xcW xXMxcW XSk!gGM DrS `nt$N wSdW xrxnT lW | y\ m-¾ t̥T xl# YH _ ngR nW

xbb tgdW ydf wCHT Y yxXM CG XNdy_"t$ xYnT XNdy Gl\b# HKMW l!lY g!z@W rM x+R l!N YCL GN -ƜW =R kxXM l!- l!kSM l!kM yCL nW)

R mSFN l!kM YCL kHl!cW =R Y-L lT GN xScU nW YHNN lyT bmjm xdUW byTW XD nW ydr\W) ylWN yT SfLUL xdUW xXMcW Li HNnT ydr\ kn krM g!z@ b" St$ yQ TWS TZ YL bz!H g!z@ wd ` Y yrW xdU ynW btlÆ h#n@C bS lmtmN:- dR xlmN xYN xR mN ym\l#T kmyT bStqR Hm TN> kF l# b" xXM -NkR l b" _"T kdr\cW HT ytl nW l!L YCL YHN bMLbT g!z@ MN lT nW? lMl@ bxND xmT bh#lT xmT XD ydr\# xdUC bST xT xmT XD kdR\# xdUC Yl# XN!M s!L bST xT xmT XD ydr\# xdUC dG ST SMNT xmT dR\W ktdfT Yl# lMN? yHɕ XD kF l q$_R ySwS mrWN bTKKL bxXM qR b` ySwS h#n@ Xy-nkr SlD xdUW wYM Qt$M XNdW Xymrr Xy-nkr YL

GN xXM qdM Bl nW mbR yjMrW g xF Nf xXMxCN ybr nW lMN yT jMrL mST jMrL StL jMrL mN"T jMrL msS jMrL Slz!H HC qS Xl# Xyb Sln ydR\#BNN CGC NgcWM wcWM XymzgBcW nW yMNdW Slz!H H bTN>nT XDM ngCN KStCN Xymzgb Yl# MNLT xND HN bh#lT xmT XD ydr\bTN TN> kF s!L b!gR XNd" XNdzrq XNdq_R l!-R YCL ngR GN TKKl yn# lCN g GN ng TRg#M lW xdU XNddr\bT ymlKt$ l!n# YCl#

xbb XJG yMfLgWN _q& lQRB wC lLcW Sl tg mdfR bMN mNgD l!Sr*cW YCl#? XNT xDRgW YMkcW? g#ĆN MN BlW gLiW bMN mNgD XN!-nqq$ DRg#?

R mSFN bmjm wd g#Nt mdfR y \C kQ ym-# xYdl#M XW xb! l# \C cW xb!N b@t\b#N yWq$ cW Xnz!H \C xSgDdR ydFT yws!B _cWN lRT YN g#LbcWN `YcWN bl@W dkM lW \W Y NirQ SlfLg# nW yT SlfLg# nW Slz!H DKmcWN bl@W Y b_N -N n" llT cWN lyT wYM lyT SlfLg# XNdn Bz# _C mlKl# Slz!H h#Lg!z@ mDfR yrW xN bl@W Y `YLN lyT nW lMl@ bRnT Y ùnf wdR tWN mjm ydRgW ngR ytWN `YL SC wYM LC mDfR nW NN bDrG ll@W wgN `Yl#N yT mg#T fR mN YfLUL Xnz!H g#C ! g#LbTN NirqE mNgC cW

YHNN ydRg# \C dG kz!h# UR ytz# \C cW lT DKmT lcW yH CGR lcW kFt yn ySn L CGR lCW cWN bTKKL mGT ycW kWScW ywWN GT m-R yYCl# sC cW kz!H bt= dG lz!H q- yn# ngC xl# lMl@ xdg \#S xM mDn@C :C xLLM +MR Gt$N yMN-RbTN mNgD (mechanism) çL |lz!H T lT ytgWN ngR lDrG YgL bq_lW qN iiT YL XNdg dG DRg!t$ Yq_L ktw\n#T bStqR bxBc$ tN*C iit$M xYcWM XN!H XN!H xYnT ngC Yl# qdM By XNLk#T dͶC kQ xYm-#M XW -BqW XW xStWlW XW x_NtW nW y-q$T yQRB \C b@t\C cW SN lm-R xQM bl@lbT bwTnT XD Y kz! kt-q\W ySB: CGR UR bmRbT g!z@ XN!H l# wC xdg yn# (Antisocial) yn# H YcW xdU lDrS wd ` yYl# Yl# XN!H l# h#n@C Y ! ymr-W b@t\C bHT LcW g! wC Y Tk#rT mS-T KTTL DrG xlcW btlY dG `nT yrW XC Y nW XC LcWN kb@cW jM m-bQ xlcW b@cW WS_ lXN!H xYnT xSgD mdfR yg h#n@C xl# wY? LcW CGR lcW wC LC UR yWl#bTN h#n@ _N"q& DrG xlcW XW b@tWM WS_ b!N xb!cW rb@cW MN xYnT cW) ylWN yT xlcW X xkb! X} t-"nT xl wY? X WS_ xLL t-"nT xl wY) ylWN yT xlcW b@tsB WS_M XN!H xYnT LMCN t-" l XT L*N _ mD ylTM lXnz!H g#C _N"q& DrG SfLUL

kz!H ƚgR dG Tb@cW xcW MN YmSL? kTb@T s!m-# MN U_cL? ylWN KTTL DrG xStcW MN xYnT cW) LC kTb@T s!m-# MN xYnT mL:KT YzW Yml#? Y-cW ynb#cW Tk#rT y\*cW ngC MN YmSl# HT btlY TNNc$ bS:L ScWN ygLi#bT h#n@ xl yflgWN wdT \l! Yn#M XN*N yn+cW ngC xXMxcW WS_ yNirqWN nW

RnT NK l!Sl# YCl# -mN lmL YKl# wYM dG TN xYnT ngR ySf ywND MSL xNND g!z@ l!Sl# YCl# xNND _C XNdTM bCNM XNdMyW yt HT bM ySf S:L +Q ym\l S:L l!\ YCl# wYM dG ywNCN BLT xb! MSL l!\ YCl# |lz!H wC XNz!HN ngC bStL bm-RbmktL l!r*cW YCl#

kz!H bt= Ht$ MN xYnT ST xcW kmc& jM? MN xYnT XNG ngC l#? Tk#rT xtL wY? yzN xYnT ST YL? wYM dG wd BLcW xb! yT ngR xl? kS ymwT h#n@ xl wY? kg!z@ w!H yfR h#n@ xMtL wY? Y XNG!H q_ xE g#T YdRScW lT nW xNND g!z@ HT kz!H xLfW xSt m"mC" l!l# YCl# HT g lg N n>nH bL mM ylcWM

xbb NM b!N HTN mM ylbTM BlL GN LJN mM bbCN ytlmd nW

bXRG_ bHCN yXkl@ LJ bL mM YL YH lxdU UL_ YCL M bxid HT b\fR xb! yg# xNND sC yHt$N kNfR g#N+ xNgT ytl y\WnT KFlCN YSl# YH bM TKKL Ln ngR nW HiTN MNM xYnT ngR Yh#N kNfcW Y mM ylcWM yYN mnT ylcWM ng bX hgR XNd HL mM ytlmd hnNJ bl@W xlM ytklkl nW wC YfQ mNT mM xYLM

btrf LC l#bTN h#n@ lmrT wC Leading wYM ym _q& xYdlM Ht$N m-yQ lcW Tk#rT mS-T StL nW lcW wC LcWN l -qE TtW mD ylcWM bl@W xlM k 4 mT bC lN HN BWN _l mD ylM KLKL nW Bz# g!z@ bz!H xUȸ nW HT ydfT LC bql# Yll# t&l@v!N LM byT Yll# bql# XNYll# wC h#l@ StR YRcL

l@W wC m-NqQ lcW yLcW xlbS Y nW xNND g!z@ wC LcW åcW Xym\cW b XDxcW Bz#M lHt$ yY-QM ngR dRg#cL LcW lyT BlW XN! ytlÆ g@g@C x+R LBC tgb! Ln# y\WncW KFL _N"q& btbT h#n@ mklL lcWN xlT XN! dRg#cL

Slz!H XN!H XN!H xYnT ngC yH ySB: CGR lcW \C mNgD QSqN mS-T nW ynW MLKT mS-T nW ynW yS:B CGR lcW \C cWN l!-bT l!gt$bT bYCl#bT h#n@ xdU XN!dR\# YgcL Ht$ DNgT l!n-q$ YCl#

bl@ bk#L HBrt\b# bxND \W wYM b@t\B Y ydRS CGR bx-"Y yHBrtsb# CGR nW yH CGR lcW xdU xDC l#bT g!z@ bU Xn"HN \C XRĬ wYM tG} wdg#bT DrS `nT l!rW YgL

xbb lxNND HT XNdl@lC g#C h#l# SlxSgD mDfRM wlcW mMkR YfLUl# bMN mNgD YNgcW? |l g# MN YGli#cW?

R mSFN X...X...X Slz!H g#Y QDM L*cW q$MngC XNl# HT kq$T \W MNM xYnT ngR mqbL XNdl@lcW kq$T \W UR mD XNdl@lcW yq$T \W MNM xYnT Nkk! mM bL XNdRG yq$T \W XN*N b!N wcW q$ mM btlY dG ytmr-# y\WnT KFlCN XNd -#T ym\l#TN mNT XNdl@lbT b!L SrT HT LBcWN kmlktW \W(wC) bStqR WlQ ylbTM bTNN> m:l HT KG WS_ miĩ b@T s! klc$ wYM kmlkcW sC bStqR NM LBcWN WlQ XNdl@lbT wQ SfLUL lHt$ |l mdfR g#Nt xYdlM bq_ yMNnGcW MNM xYnT mnT s!RcW lwcW mNgR XNlcW bHt$ N SrT cW wlCM ytmr-# y\WnT KFlCN lmnT lmM l!StMcW YgL Ht$ LMN XN!ÜDg# ytly mnT s!dRScW XN!g YrcL BLTN -#TN kNfRN bm\l#T y\WnT KFlC mnT mM mwT lHt$ MNM CGR yl@lbT XNdn xDRgW mW\D ylcWM wlCM YHN DrG ylcWM bx-"Y YHN bMNLbT g!z@ dG wC "panic" wYM dG mrb> mdg_ ylcWM StR _b" nW DrG lcW btlY XC YHN yMLbT MKNT btlY LC X¬cWN xFM LBcWN s!qYM n s!wLq$ ! XC gcW Y ytly ngR l StL YgL yq yblz ngR l MN XNdn# bT:GST bgcW N m-yQ Yf XN!g ySCcWN h#n@ mF-R

M HT kF Xl# s! g#ĆN cWM Xytgnzb# Sl Yg YCl# btlY dG dͶc$ S-nQcL bTKKL SqMl# g#ĆN ktgch# wyWCh#! YHN xdRglh# bL SfcL HT dG h#Lg!z@ Yfl# YdB"l# ymdbQ `YL xcW Slz!H XC XNYdBcW StR qlL l mNgD mQrB QrB xlcW

l@W wC _N"q& l!dRg# ygcW xBY ngR HC ltlÆ lSfLg# i#h#C NC wYM MSlC LC XNYUl-# m-NqQ SfLUL xh#N yMyW ngR MNDN nW HC g g#RMS WS_ Lgb# XDxcW z-" xSR xS h#lT xS ST yn# h#l# "Pornography" ws!E LCN Ymlkl# YH h#l# s!N wC xYmlkt$M q$M YCl# btlY ykt n# nW -T Ywl# Ygl# bmL lWN ngR xYmlkt$M LC bz!H mL xfNG-W lBz# ngR l!Ul-# YCl# ltl "drug" xdN :} xLL m-C ls!U YUll# Ht$ ws!B nK LCN v!! b@C B YN dG b@cW WS_ kwC tdBqW l!mlkt$ YCl# wC YHN h#l# mgNzB YRcL LC lxQm xM N XSk!dR\# bHG XSk tdnggW 18 mT DrS mNkkB mktL _b" DrG SfLUL wCM B Yn# HBrt\b#M XDxcW Bq$ Ln# HTN ltlÆ XDxcW lYfQDcW ngC s!Ul-# bmmLkT lF xSfLGM

xbb - yng" wND HTN +MR ymlkT MKR nW R?

R mSFN- x... wND HTNM YmlkL

xbb - ym=r _q& xSgD dͶCN MN YmKl#? xT LN bdFRbT ym=r yùQQ KStT h#l# Yg_L

R mSFN - (Xz!H Y rM TN> wSdL)... XN!H l xUȸ LnGcW yMfLgW mn Y XNLk#T Xn!H \C lWN yxXM GT mM yYCl# dC cW DKmcWN y-bT mNgD XNT XNdn wq$ xNNC XN!dRg#T wdl mD nW yxXM k!M y|n L l UR dW bGL} mgR nW xSfg! KTTL HKM YdrGcL

xbb - S_cW yt-bq nW?

R mSFN - S_cW bg yt-bq nW Slz!H kxdUM YDl# GN Bz#c$ YHN xdRg#M CGR xlBN BlW wd l yT XJG _qEC cW xBc$ ysB: CGR lcWM Sln# YHN CGRM kCGR SlY_T XRĬ XNlWM Slq$ mjm drM tcGrL BlW SlSb# wd l xYdR\#M XRcWM l@lC s!m l@lC s!Sl# s!d s! s!rb# s!wDq$ s!dK yT nW Slz!H N XRcWN mqnS xYfLg#M lMl@ "rapists" xSgD dͶC DRg!cWN YdUGl# h#lt& St& YdUGl# xN xDRgW NS ygb# xYdl#M XNd ydRg# _qEC cW lNWM l!r yCL l!kM yCL CGR mn#N nW yMgLiW

xbb - \ g!z@TN wSlh# xmsGlh#

R mSFN - MN HL yMTfLgWN XNgH xQM

***

 

bMR ytwl LC

xbb tgR k-ESOG

. . . k1980c$ XNd xWN zmN qmR xU> jM kxLTWND HKM mST UR tY yLJN mR mWlD btlÆ gT kg!z@ g!z@ Xy=mr maL

_NC mc& mwlD XNħcW cW YwSl# MN xYnT ywl!D m- mw\D xlmW\D XNlcW bGcW YwSl# SNT LC Yn#rN ylWM xh#NM yGL g#cW YL btmY s@T wYNS wND LJ XNWlD wYM SNT wND LJ SNT s@C LC Yn#N ylWN Ft$N mfiM yCLbT h#n@ XSktmc DrS lMN mR-W xYwLM? xSf ymSL _q& nW

g#Ć lltEkC* lHG lC* lHKM -bBT* ls@T mBT xmC* lYtC wzt ytly TRٻ mdrG xlbT ylbTM bL ytl mkk n_CN /arguments/ l!Sn YCL M kGl\C k_NC h#n@ xNR s!Y GN yfLg#TN B mR-W mwlD b!fLg# TKKl nW y\ Bz# n_C Ynl#

g# k}NS r_ abortion UR btlY ytz nW qdM B nF\-# bxLT WND y}Ns#N XNDQ YdrUL yTfLgW y xYnT kn }N\# YrLM YH g#Y XNd Y* HND* YND X R l#T hgT ytlmd KStT s!N y}NS r_ gdB lcW k!SN n@L g# yxdY S_R nW

yz!H y MR FT xBY mn MKNT lxBC yx! g#Y nW xND b@t\B wYM _NC (couples) ywl!D m- mNgCN y-qT b@t\BN ym_n#T bnnT cW yx! h#n@ xNR nW

yx! h#n@cWN cW "l# cWM Wn@ Y YdRl# lz!H wG mn ynW _T _t$ ytdrgcWN hgT XN_qS*

bHND bxN!T yg-R mNdR H>T (Maherashtra) bt\C kXNN SDST gb# s@C WS_ xN* }NS r_ \lC MKNt$N x_"W ls@c$ qrb#cW _q&C XNdtrT XT y}Ns#N ktrC b` yMTfLgW y xYnT lmn# }Ns# XN!r_ mRlC h#l#M dG ymjm ST xT s@T LC ç*cW s!N Xz!H yLC q$_R ydr\#T dG wND FlU nbR ! kz!H bY XNdg XNWlD b!l# yx! xQcW yw YNcL btmY bY _T ktdrgcW 820 yg-R s@C WS_ 36 bm ydR\#T yfLg#T wND LJ lmin\# }N\#N xR-L

YH ST lX Hbr\B XJG GL} g#Y YmSL Bz# _NC btkY s@C YwLl# bq_lW wND XwLlh# bL ST xT Xl# Yٲl# wYM btkY wNC B XytwlcW s@T FlU kxQM bY b@t\B ykc$ qL xYdl#M

b_T tdG yqrbW yv@TM LMDM YW nWbv@TM v@T-M btsC yg-R mNdR Bz# b@t\B çcW tmR-W lMN N HL Bz# LC xT xMST LC lT nW XNdwl s!-Yq$ s@C B ywl wN FlU byg!z@W XNdwl wNC B ywlT dG s@T FlU XNdtz# tGrL bl@ bk#L GN wND s@T btkY g# wYM wND LJ B ywl XC bW tgDbW b@t\cWN mm-N ClL yx! yn# h#n@cW dG Yl# x_"W bi#/#cW Bz# B b!SfLgWM xND h#lT ywlT ytl yn# h#n@ YYcL

XNd B _NC yfLg#TN ymw\N ymMr_ mBTM XDLM cW b@t\cWN lmm-N SCcL lT nW YH lT dG x-"N yHZB q$_R lmm-N xYntM YN xU mNgD l!N YCL bl@ g} GN bXJg# xSf KStC gN lgN mycW wYM b_T m-cW xLqrM xNNc$N B lxBnT BNmlkT Bz# g!z@ bxBW gT kx! bHbr\b#M tqYnT lGT wND LJ mWlD YfLUL (bmjm bN wND LJ XN!kFtW ymjm LJ wND XN!N bz!HM ybY XN!Y YflUL) ! bz!H MKNT Bz# XC yin*T s@T knC }Ns#N Rl# ! brM g!z@ ys@C q$_R Xyqn\ l!D UB yW bxBW yxlM Hbr\B ykbR |RT (Universal norm) l!- xdU WS_ l!g YCL

l@W SUT s@C wd s@C b!dl# s@C B mWlD b!q_l#S? . . . Ch# xYdL MN XNdf-R? M GN xh#N Xyt lW xD (trend) bBT wNCN ymWlD FT nW lW kz!H l@ yL yYT g#CM tYzW yn\# bRG_ }Ns#N lr_ bqE MKNT nW wY) yl# C_C Ydml#

YH N mR s@T wYM wND Yh#NL" yL MR wdT yig# qlM yz!H xYnT y\B xQM (intelligence) XNdz! q$mt$ rM MMN y*cWNM DrG b!L MRW xlMN wdyT l!wST YCL yL GMTM YL

g#Ć lk!CM (Xn\#M kHbr\b# ytl lmcW) Bz# ytly ST yf_R xYdlM xNNC Gl\CN XNdmRT YwSǬL Bz# g!z@ yx! h#n@cW ZQt yn# _NC t-NQqW bfLg#T m-N LJ mWlD YfLUl# kz!h# UR y MR YcL Xnz!HN mRT SfLUL yl# xl# l@lC dG bb@t\B WS_ tm" lfLg# yfLg#T b!fiM yHZB q$_RN mm-N YҧL C cW

yx! yb@tsB h#n@ lNWM Hbr\B b!N ytr# g#C cW M:WN YL lz!H i#/#F mn tdR ytwsdW (Reproductive Health matters kts bxmT h#lt& bw m}F Y y\fr) _T lb@tsB Mn@ bXJg# y=nq$T bxND wYM bh#lT LJ yT yHZB q$_R qB (Population explosion) SlsUcW xYdlM W MKNT yn#xcW h#n@ SlgDcW dG SlkBcW nW

lHNWNM n ll@lC hgR HZCM g#Ć tmY nW HNWN yl#T h#lt LJ mWlD Sflg l@ yb@t\B xL | gb! lW mN xlbT@ Ln "lmST Ldr\# lmg#rSlmBT L\n LC" Y yXDgcW h#n@ ytm\"ql YL bX xND gb! lW xT SMNT b@t\B XN!StDR YgdL wYM YfLUL

bx-"Y YH yLJN MR g#Y bmGb!CN yGL Wn@ mn#N -q$mL

mR-W ywdTN gl# mWlD bfLg#bT g!z@ bfLg#T m-N YwLl#@ yfLg#TN y xYnT ymMr_ XDL l mR-W b!wLS)

bNCN m=r lfW MNT HTN ktg mdfR lmdG btlY wC Slg#Ć lHT bMN mNgD SrT YCl# bL k.R mSFN xRx yxXM k!M UR Y xDRgN nbR lW yW+WN gR LMD s!U HTN btlY "kxS xT xmT bC l# LCN BcWN _l mD KLKL nW" bL gLiW nbRM bYP SHtT MKNT kxT xmT bC tBl t}L YHM bSHtT mn#N kYQR UR XNgLlN

ESOG - Ethiopian Society of Obstetricians & Gynecologists yx!Te }NS HiN k!C HbR lT s!N YHN xMD kxDS xDvRYz!G UR bmtbR yqRBCh# DRJT nW MNT XNg"... _ g!z@

***

yws!E ST mR

xbb tgR k - ESOG

. . . yws!E GN#nT STFT m=mR bwNCM bs@CM Y yY KStT nW XSk xh#N kFt yGN#nT m-N xdrg# tBl XNd  World record  ytzW b700 qT WS_ 900g!z@ GN#nT yfi yxND wND s@T(y_NC) K nW lmn# yws!E ST mR (kLK lF) l#bT CGC MNDN cW? kFt s!LS MN lT nW?

yws!E FT ST GN#nT mR tf_xE (biological) KStT nW h#l#M XNST (across the species) lT bL dr yws!B FT xlCW ws!E GN#nTM Yf}l#

btlY wd \W SNm GN ws!B yf}mW l@ tME g#Y Lt=mrbT bStqR xc$ h#lT cW (bRG_ bmnW Gl\b# wYM Gl\* xh#N ws!B yf}mW lz!H lz! x nW BlW Sb#bT YCl# DRg!t$ bm=r yyW GN h#lT W-@CN wYM kh#lt$ xNN nW) xN LJ lmWlD lmT SN lmtT b\B ws!B Yf}l# (YH SN mtT yL g#Y kb S wDnT UR bXJg# Sl"B"  Bz# xLwdWM) h#ltW XJG Bz# \C kl@lC bR \C UR GN#nT DrG yfLg#bT ydRg#bT MKNT dSN XRN lGT nW

ws!E GN#nT tf_xE nW ltf_ _q& (biological need) M> mS-T nW ytf_ _q&N& ! bq$_R mgdB XNT YҧL? TKKl yL wYM kz!H bY CGR nW yLbT MKNTS xl) YHN YzN wg#N XNq_L

mrC XNd-q$T bL Srg Xy\-N XWU @ bz!HM m\rT xn\M bM tBlW b_T ytz# q$_C xl# XDxcW b20 c$ WS_ l# lTC mkL h#lT bm yn#T bxmT WS_ MNM GN#nT çdrg# tg"tL YH -@¥ ST nW? ktl XJG xb! _q& YL bDFn# lc$ St$ +> kl@l -@NnT xYdlM Yl# WM b20c$ XD ST T l XRĬ y g#Y YL ywxCN mn yws!B ST yL Y nW Tk#rCN wd YL bl@ bk#L 7 bm yn#T dG bxmT XJG xnSt xL xL GN#nT yfi _NC YtL l@W km-N xlf tBl bxlM xqF dr ytmzgbW qdM s!L y-qSnW b 700 qT WS_ 900 g!z@ ws!B yfi _NC K nW (Sdn"Ch# Sdn"Ch#N NgN) YH lT _Nc$ byqn# xNN dG kz!M n\ g!z@ ws!E GN#nT Yf}l# DRg!t$ dG ktlmdW h#n@ w XNl tzG*L

bqN xN kz! bY l ws!E GN#nT l#T mrC xNR s!Y kFt nW YƧL yws!E GN# nT m-N bwTnT kF l s!N XD Xy=mr Xyg s!D dG Xyqn\ YL bX hgR ytdrg ytly _T ylM (yyGCh#N GN \B TCCh#) kl@lC hgT ytg# _C b20c$ b 30 c$ XD l# \C bMNT 2 X 3 g!z@ ws!E GN#nT Yf}l#

M k 30 c$ bY dGG# Xyqn\ yDbT h#n@ xl MKNt$ b| BT HYTN lnF bdrG wYM b-@ MKNT l!N YCL kz!H btrf dG xN bl@W Y Tk#rT kBT YLQ bU wd tg# LC b#N YsL bz!HM MKNT yws!E GN#nT m-N YqNL XwUN lnW (under normal condition) yxBCN bmlkT ytly xUȸN Y=MR nW

qdM s!L b 20 c$ 30 c$ XD l# sC bMNT 2 X 3 g!z@ GN#nT Yf}l# YH dG btdUU bts _C Y tmLKL$ bNCN mL k_c$ UR lc$ yKl#T g#Y yws!B m-N bM xn\M BlW yfRT yq$T _NC cW cW SST xT xMST bL mgdBM mwsNM xYLM bWL b . . . bM b yL ST xND sW drbT n@ bZaL lT nW Yl# YHN GMT WS_ xSgBtN @qdM s!L yt-qs#TN mn xDRgN s!b MLT xdU xlW wdlW XNmlS

ws!E GN#nT btlmdW h#n@ xE (physical) B xYdlM @ ytw\n y\WnT KFL ZGJT lW_M xYdlM btlY ymjmW dr kGN#nT bT lW ST yf-rW bxXM nW bmn#M kFt FT xcW yl# \C Bz# g!z@xcWN y-T bxXM WS_ lW ST* ZGJT* FT lW_ nW kFt yws!B ST YHN yxXM KFL =MD bmZ BN STN FTN "kg#Ć" UR B bmR :rFT YnL lz!H M> bmS-T ST B _D WS_ YzF"L l@ | mST XSkYLbT h#n@ xR-F YYL Gl\b# xBWN g!z@WN yLfW bz!H ST (animal need) WS_ YL XN!H l# \C E GN#nTN yHYwT xND xL xNDRgW YN :kL xDrW YwSǬLSl# _q&WN Xytktl# Ml# lz!H dG Q}bqE M> l!\-# YCl# Y\l#M yz!H CGR ! MNDN nW? yHbE y-@ bL bh#lT g} LNmlkcW XNClN

yws!B ST mR xXMN =MD bmZ BN STN bws!B Y :kL s!dRG Bz# g!z@N lz!H g#Y s!\_ ymjmW CGR | mST xlmL YL kxUR( kFQR wYM kTR d) UR l GN#nTN bXJg# WL lTR mFrS MKNT YL kFt yws!B ST FT çcW \C /nymphomaniac/ yXR ST h#l# Ü YCl# YHM btqn! bk#L ydR\W g#T GL} nW yST xlmM xlm-bQ lmlyT mNgD YL h#l@ kt"n! xDT xYw-#M (l@ * trkZ * xNgT* drT* ig#R* mLK* xkM * kNfR * xYN* q$mT wzt UR xYcWM LcWM YFL)

l@W kz!h# kHbE CGR Nw lW xb! g} kFt dr yL yws!B ST çcW \C l_q&W M> XNT Y\l#? kNkn. . . UR ws!B Yf}l#? yl#T _q&C cW MNg!z@M xND \W ws!E GN#nTN btmlkt kxND bY wJ kzll l@W YL YH ySkTcW mzC dG Yl# kmlyT bzll l@ l@M CGR YmL xNN dG XN!H l kFt ST çcW \C xSgDdW bmDfR ScWN BrD YfLUl# YH dG l@ HbE N GN#nt$ _N"q& LklbTS? wd h#ltW xb!Y y-@ g#Y ywSdN YL

kg!z@W UR btz HIV/x@DS TLq$ xdU s!N kz!HM l@ mNnTN =M ltl CGC lRg#T yxƧzR b>C (STIs) ymUl_ h#n@ YL

bx-"Y YH Sn LE F lW g#Y Yl# YHN wG Snbb#N yW -bBT yws!B FT wYM ST rBN yl# \C g#Y b_QL mFT y\-W xYdlM Gl\C XNl#bT h#n@ dr bGL bxXM k!C bk#L l!r yCL CGR mn#N i#h#cWN xg#LtW SnBl#

 

ESOG - Ethiopian Society of Obstetricians & Gynecologists- yx!T y}NS yHiN k!C HbR lT s!N@ YHN xMD kxDS xDvRYz!G UR bmtbR yqRBCh# DRJT nW (Sflg ..q$_R 8731 SLK 011-5-50606869) MNT XNg"... _ g!z@

***

lwNC

xbb tgR k-ESOG

. . . xN MN Bl -yq "bqE ywND zR f> /sperm/ NK WS_ xSqM= (bHKM ydM NK XNdlW ywND zR f> NK WS_ lT nW) 'vasectomy' lT bq _g ywND zR f> mtl t$N zUS" yL _q& xQrb yHKM lW s!mL\# "Y XJG kD g#Y nW bmjm ywND zR f>N bHKM b! NK WS_ Sqm_ XJG WD kFt yx! xQM y-YQ s!N YHM b!L ywND zR f> bNK WS_ tqM lMN HL g!z@ Yb> myT XNdCL xYwQM kxgLGlT W+ yNbT g!z@ xYwQM" BlL

yGl\b# SUT MLT kg!z@ b` mWlD ymflG ST kmbT mwlD XN!CL b\B nW

yHKM lc$M n# mrC XNdmlKt$T Bz# g!z@ XRGZN ymkkL | bxm# wYM l# bl# bL dr ls@C wYM lXC yttw g#Y nW bhgCN bM xL xL bl@lC hgR dG btl dr XRGZN lmkkL wNC yzR mtl t$N bqL q _g lxN m=r g!z@ òUl# Y bXNGl!zW 'vasectomy' Yl#L

q _gW ywSdW g!z@ bxY 30 dqE" s!N Gl\b# l@ 30 dqE" rf b` wd b@t$ ktmlsbT ktk qN jM ytlmd |WN kwN yCLbT qL HKM nW xNND g!z@ dG b!b yMNT XrFT Y-Y"L

YH yzR f> t$N yzUT dT ytl CGC XNl#bT Y\L MLT wd ZRZc kmCN bT lc$ qbl#"N yq _gWN dT yÜY ZRZR lUCh#

ywND zR f> bWS-# h#lT ngCN yz nW bxR XNT XNdl XNdgli# ytqm- "L xgh#M wYM xQM lNWM bws!E GN#nT g!z@ kwND wd s@T ygR Y<WM XRGZ XN!k\T ydRgW f> bWS-# h#lT xYnT N_r ngC bnnT xl#bT Xnz!H h#lt$ tg"tW bxNDnT mWT Ll# XRGZ xYk\TM xN f> ywND zR kmrTbT /testes/ bmnT bh#lT t$C x"nT wd BLT GND YٲL bg#W l@WN h#ltWN f> gL wd BLT t$M bU dRl# yq _gW dT ! ymjmW yf> xYnT/sperm/ yZcWN h#lT t$C bgD kl@W f> /semen/ UR XNYgn# DrG nW

t$c$ s!g ymjmW yf> xYnT/sperm/ lbT YqL bGN#nT g!z@ h#ltW f>/semen/ B YwL YH dG BWN XRGZN xYf_RM xlq kz!H b` LJ ylM bM XJG Lt-bq mNgD xND km yN yXRGZ h#n@ mk\t$ B tmZG*L

Xz!H Y bM bRG-"nT lBz#Ch# ym _q& kh#lt$ yf> xYnC xN /sperm/ t$W bmg MKNT yYw kn Xyt-qm MN YL CGR xYf_RM@ LTl# TCCh# ql# Ml@ MNM xYnT ws!B yYf} \C wYM lrM g!z@ yqb# \C yzR fcW sWncW WS_ t-Q MN YL@ ylW l@ _q& mLS y\_ YmSlL Y<WM ywND zR f> xgLGlT Y Ll lT ws!E GN#nT kl@l yf# s@lC bcW g!z@ Yl# y\WnTM xL Yl# ksWnT UR Yl#/absorb/ YdrUl#

ywND zR f> mtl t$N bgD XRGZN mkkL z kq _g ƚgR btlY Yc$ y-qT TN> lyT l mNgD nW qdM s!L y-qSnWN yzR f>/sperm/ mtl t$N kBLT xb! qL l h#n@ q qlL l PStEK bSgT GǬL

ywND zR f> mtl t$N bgD XRGZN ymkkL zN lm-qM bmjm -N Wn@N Y-Y"L yUB h#n@ yi lmn# XRG- mN% lTM MLT FC b!m- l@ \W UR GN#nT b!jmR q_l yMTmW \W LJ yMTfLG kn CGR Yf-L* lz!H xSqD bGL} mnUgR mFT l!N YCL( l@W bqE LC lT yfLg#TN HL lmcW t= lmflG RG- mN bqE nW l#M b` wdT bl@lC MKNC lMl@ bx! XDgT bLJ T wzt MKNT ymWlD FT XNdYR RG- mN l@W yU yL ST SMMnT mR QD b_N"q& myT lcW n_C cW Xnz!H l@lC yGL MKNC k b` yq _gW Y\L Y<WM l# bl# mwlD lYfLg# \C ybJ XNdn Y-L

YN BlN qdM s!L nnW XNd CGR y g#CS MNDN cW@ ktl xNND g!z@ ywND zR f> mtl t$N bq _g g b` wNC ys@T DM} l!Yz# !M bQl# YCl# yL SUT xl mrc$ Xnz!H g#C bHl!CN yMNqRcW XN! Fi#M LtStl# KStC cW Yl#

btrf ynbrW ngR h#l# XNdnbr Yq_L bwND zR f> WS_ l# ytl h#lT xYnT fC WS_ bGN#nT g!z@ xN YwL l@W G YqL h#lt$ SLtg# XRGZ XNYf-R YL yGl\b# yws!B ST XNdnbR Yq_L bz!H h#n@ WS_ l# Gl\C XN!WM Yl# XNd DW Sl l@ wl!D m-C xSBM bflGN g!z@ /spontaneously/ ws!B XNf}lN ytl tmCL Yl#

M ywND zR f>N ygD dT XJG SbT mnt$ mfiM lbT XN! XNdl@lC ywl!D m-C s!fLg# ymL\#T yR-#T z xYdlM

bHKM xN q _gW kt\ b` bl@ g!z@ XNdg wdnbrbT Yml|L" b!L dt$ XJG kD WSBSB XN!h#M bM WD XNdn mrW mlKtL btrf XNdtlmdW wYM XNdl@lc$ ywl!D m-C h#l# kNM bStqR YHM ywl!D m- z x@C.xY.v!N =M l@lC yxlzR b>CN kxN wd l@W XNYtlF yDrG xQM ylWM

ESOG - Ethiopian Society of Obstetricians & Gynecologists- yx!T y}NS yHiN k!C HbR lT s!N@ YHN xMD kxDS xDvRYz!G UR bmtbR yqRBCh# DRJT nW (Sflg ..q$_R 8731 SLK 011-5-50606869) MNT XNg"... _ g!z@

***

bxND dqE" 380 HT...

xbb tgR k - ESOG

bXNN* dqE" bxlCN 380 s@C }NS YYl# kXnz!H WS_ 190 c$ Lq Ltflg# XRGZC cW kx-"Y nFs -#R XC WS_ 110 XC kXRGZW UR btz ytlÆ WSBSB CGC /Pregnancy related complication/ U_cL

qdM s!L k-qSnW k 380 bydqE"W krgz# F-#N 190 Ltflg# wYM Lq kn# MN Hlc$ \W l!n# yCl#T xT z-nWN wR =R\W l!wL YCl#? b!L XJG _qEc$ cW xBc$ KTTL bT Yl# kt-qsW q$_R WS_ k40-50 yn#T }NS kRl# YH YN bxND wR B 1.4 b!l!N HT Ywl nbR

kx-" bydqE"W kiNs# lTM k 380 WS_ 40 XC _N"q& ldlW }NS r_ YrUl# b!NS xN* dG TlC bXNN ST dqE" k}NS r_ UR btz xN!T XT TlC YH y}NS r_ KStT dG btlY XDxcW lU bn# wC Y xBz# YL

kY y-qS*cW mrC ytgli#T bY˶ btzUj xND y|n tL

-@ SL- Y nW YH SL- kFt lCN tt nbR SL-W yts-W bz!h# bZnW yfrNC mT St wR Y s!N mrWN lĸC ygli#T dG bx!N n!vRs!tE yHKM l@J mMHR P\R xYK xDwl@ ytl# y-@ l cW

yXC T Y˶N nN l@lC mrCNM XNmLkT Y˶ bXC T m-N bxlM xqF dr XJG x\"qE kl#T WS_ yMTmdB hgR nC k 100,000 nF\ -#R XC WS_ 800 yn#T kXRGZ UR btz MKNT Yl# YH TN> qlL l B s!gl} byxmt$ kXRGZ UR btz CGR bY˶ 45,000 XC Yl# yt$N m-N wd Y kF kdRg#T MKNC dG nW }NS r_ (WR) nW

XNdwqW xBc$ XC bxND bl@ MKNT ywl!D m- xgLGlT lGT bTKKL lm-qM wYM xNN ytmn#bT ywl!D m- bTKKL Y\ qR Ltflg XRGZ YrUl# Lqd Ltflg XRGZ dG wd }NS r_ YwSL bxBW YHN DRg!T bHUE mNgD wd -@ t̥T dW \TN Hg# SlYfQDcW kz!H W+ wl# yLMD k!M nN C (quacks) Yl# bz!HM MKNT ltlÆ WSBSB CGC YUll# lHLft HYTM YrUl# YH KStTM XNd Y˶ l# hgT yXCN T m-NN kF XN!L xDRL bNCN Y XC XLN yMwW XRGZW Y kdr\# W XT Yl# bL B XNJ xBc$ yxF s@C xcW xRG lmwlD yb" ydr\ xXMxcWM lz!H ytzUj yb\l xYdlM bHKM xN!T s@T bxLM bxXMM lmWlD Bq$ nC ylW k 18 wYM xNN k 21 xmT bY knC nW M XWnW g blU XD s@T HT yLC XT Yl# lBz#c$ dG lT MKNt$ Y<W yXD nS g#Y nW

yY˶N mn XDRG xNJ yXC T m-N XNdz!h# bkFt h#n@ ytmzgbT hgR x!T nC (mc&M bxF xF ngC m=r bm- m_W dg mjm nN) bhgCN byxmt$ k2;,;;; XSk 25,;;; XC kXRGZ UR btz# CGC MKNT Yl# yT MkNc$ ytl xYdl#M qdM s!L k-qSnW }NS r_ l@ lXC T MKNT b_T ytgliW kwl!D bT mdrG lbT yXC yXRGZ KTTL xlmR wYM d mN nW

kxdg#T hgT UR YHN g#Y Xn}R LN X g bdG Y lN bmCN lWDDR wYM lN}}R yqRB XYNM l-Q XWqCN kr GN bxdg#T hgT k-QW nFs# -#R XC WS_ h#l#M bL drj ( 99 %) yXRGZ KTTL YdrGcL k\h bC l# hgT dG k-QW nFs -#R XC WS_ kh#lT bm XSk 42 bm ydRs# XC y-@ KTTL YdrGcL

yXC yHT T bxF gZ YL YH dG ysWN LJ b_Ql# xdU WS_ yzFQ YmSL yHZB msrT XC HT cW

h#lT - kz!H B Bz# Nw

bxdg#T hgT yHZB BT bXJg# Xyqns M bM XscW l g#Y nW bl@ g} dG ks bC l# gT yHZB BT mR SUTM DHnTM | qRnTM xL

bz!h# ks bC bg# hgT XNd HZB q$_R tNC x_C/demographers/ #btjmrbT h#n@ yHZB m-N m=mR kq-l b2;5; XNd x@WN zmN qmR 1.7 b!l!N YdRL ;Yl# xh#N MN HL dR*L ktl 752 l!N( yLnt$N B lXNt) y?ZB BT mR/populaton explosion/ yycW hgT dG Y˩ x!T KtEK pBl!K N b#Rk! l! n!R l@ UN GNR qdM t-"> cW

bY˶ xN!T XT bxY SMNT LC YL YHM bxlM xqF dr XJG kFt ywl!D m-N lcW hgT qĸ xDR٬L

y?ZB q$_R x_!C X tNC xND xYnT yxStsB lW_ xSfg! nW ƆC cW Xns# "xlM xqF y?ZB q$_R xStsB lW_"

/global population transition / Yl#L YHM lT XJG Bz# b@tsB Y wYM Bz# LC wL t=n kmR -bB l b@t\B ytm-n# yq X ytflg# LC wL ytl n#(?YwT) wd mF-R xStsB (z) mlw_ xlbT Yl#

bhgCN qdM s!L bt-qs#T hgT yb@t\B Mn@ GNb@N mF-R X xgLGlt$N kQrB bt= btlY ys@CN Xk#LnT yrUG-# tGƶE SC s@CN ySLN lb@T (Empower) DrG yl!NM GB bL ytqm-# CN wYNM TLCN lmDrS

ygz# XNdn YsL

ESOG - Ethiopian Society of Obstetricians & Gynecologists- yx!T y}NS yHiN k!C HbR lT s!N@ YHN xMD kxDS xDvRYz!G UR bmtbR yqRBCh# DRJT nW (Sflg ..q$_R 8731 SLK 011-5-50606869) MNT XNg"... _ g!z@

***

ytmr-# LMC

xbb tgR kESOG

# bymt$ blCN G> l!N XC kXRGZ UR

btz MKNT Yl# g! hgC 99 bmWN

YYl# y}NS r_ dT dG btlY lXC T

xb!Y MKNT nW;

./R kbd wRq$

ydL -@ _b" n!STR x@

# bmjm x!TWNM n# yxF s@C bx-"Y

k#T YsL MKNt$M ys@CN HYwT

lmdG kT tGtW k\T

DRJC WS_ yx!T }NS HiN

k!C HbR xN bmn# ;

/R n!K 襧

ymNGSt$ DRJT y|n HZB twY

 

lfW s K\ GNT 21 X 22/ 1998 .M. bLtN t&L yx!T y}NS HiN k!C HbR / ESOG / xmE g#x@# ytmr-# x\CN XNtGBR; /implementing best practices-IBP/ bL mRH tkBL

YH 14W yx!T }NS HiN k!C HbR/x!G/ xmE g#x@ lyT l g#YY nW b| dc$ Y gcWN Sk@C ll@lC UT ytmr-# mNgCN lkT nbR /implementing best paractices- IBP/ Hb YHN mNgD bmktl#M ylM xqF -@ DRJT twY /R l#s@gN n! MSU xQRbL btlY bxh#n# sT/IBP/ ydgF zmE x!S XwqT LMD ytFbT y-@ GCN kGcW lDrS m yn x\R nW l# b" n! l@lC hgCM YHNN xsR/IBP/ b|T XN!wq$T Xytdrg lbT h#n@ mN gLiL

yx!T }NS HiN k!C HbR/ESOG/ XCN bN b_Ql# b|n tL -@ zRC bhgCN ytl lW_ XN!m kFt xSt} bRkt$ lg#x@W tgL*L Bz# g!z@ yXC |"Y yiW T ybrKtW bwl!D g!z@ bR dM mFsS kz!h# UR btz# l@lC CGC nW bz!H rgD Hb bhgt$ bg# btmr-# C y-@ lc$N bSl-N Xg dRUL bhgCN yDNgt ywl!D m-N kStwQ jM lz!h# S y-@ lCN bsL-N mDn!t$N bSgT tgLUC XN!g#T xDRL bUN! SpEL xND L Kl!n!K bM btlY E _"T ldrscW sC yt y-@/ yxXM CGN =M/ yHG xgLGlT XN!g# dRUL YH :kL _T MRMRM YdrGbL

yx!T }NS HiN k!C HbR /x!G/ _TN btmlkt ytly LMD XNlW t-q$xL _T t-N b@t HFT lq xYqm_M U tkFlbT y\W _T CGc$M ktnqs# b| bts-W mFT m\rT btGR |WN kWL bz!H m\rT k|n tL -@ mBC yXCN -@ km-bQ kT kmdG km\l#T UR btz _CN btlÆ g!z!T xQR*L NM wd | tRg#L ys@C GRTN btmlkt l-@ lC CG XNT XNdkM bZRZR yÜY mm tzUJaL Xnz!H yt-qs#T |C dG bz!H mT ytkwn# mcW lg#x@W RT tdRL

14W yx!T }NS HiN k!C HbR/x!G/ xmE g#x@ Y ytg#T y-@ _b" / R x@ /R kbd wRq$ XndtgT Hb btlY bwl!D g!z@ yXCN T lmqnS bDNgt ywl!D m-/Emmergency contraceptive/ k-@ _b" UR Xy\ s!N @ bx-"Y bz!H g#x@ dG Hb ytmr-# b| dT W-@T sg#lTN LMc$N bUt$ xmSGnL /R x@W bqYM lHb xSfg!WN h#l# Xg y/R m/b@t$ XNddRG "L gBtL yHb ZNT /R \lmN q$Mb! XgW kMNM bY lHb XNdsfLG xSMrWbL

bz!H g#x@ Y ys@CN GRT lmkkL ydrg# _rC ytmr-# LMC&k}NS r_ b" mdrG SlgcW _N"q&C& x@C.xY.v! kXT wd LJ XNYtlF SC _rC xgLGlt$N wd HBrtsb# yDrS LC& y|n tL -@ xgLGlT ls@C XNT Xyts- nW? bl# bl@lC YNS MrMRE g#C Y _C qRbW b\W WYYT ytl# yLMD LWWC tdRL

yx!T }NS HiN k!C HbR /x!G/ g#x@ byxmt$ yD s!N byh#lT xmt$ dG yHbN ZNT& M/zNT i yRD xl#t$N bMR YqYL bz!H m\rT nc$N bMSU bxKBT xSB yqȆN xmT xmc$N xSqM*L /R xBR UYM ZNT /R Nx@L b!s- M/ ZNT /R xBR g@cW i` nW lqȆ h#lT xmT tmR-L

***

"TKKl yL y-#T m-N QR} ylM"

/R wRQnH g@nH

 

 xbb tgR kx!G

wT k!M nWbNdR HKM YNS l@J HKM ktr b` XW NdR x!S xb lxMST xmT x-"Y k!M sRaLbxh#n# SxT bx!S xb n!vRs!tE HKM ͵l!tE b}NS HiN HKM Sp&YZD Xdrg nW bz!H xmT ySp&YZD TMHRt$N -Q"L

/R wRQnH g@nH MLT Bz# s@C SlS=N"cW y-#T m-N QR} g#Y Y N }h#F q_l SnBbL Bz# g!z@ hk!C ycgT bXNGl!Z l#TN E "T xglC wd xR MT nW YH l/R wRQnH CGR xLnM ybl- Snb# g#Ch# WN ls# LLqQ

* * *

Bz# s@C ƧcW y-#T m-N X QR{ dStC xYdl#M xNcES? y-#T m-N nS wYM TLQ mN bSntL SRT Y l!rW yClW t}: MNDN nW? yz!H i#h#F  Xnz!HN tÙ g#CN lmsS YKL

xN!T s@T LJ bg#RMS wQT kMcW yxL lWC WS_ xN y-# dG mjmR nW l@lC yxL lWC yq$mT m=mR# bBLT bBBT xb! ig#R BqL# XN!h#M ywR xb yTN õTl# Xnz!H lWC myT yjMbT mT btlÆ s@C LC ytly b!NM bxBW k10 XSk 16 mT lW yXD KLL WS_ nW YHM ynW yxL lWCN bx-"Y ytlÆ ySn tL dCN y- N_r ngC ( RC) bsWnT WS_ mmrT SljM nW ynz!H N_r ngC zGY wYM bxnSt h#n@ mmrT yxL lWc$ zGYtW XN!kst$ dRUL XN!h#M N_r ngc$ btlÆ MKNC (bxBW kxf-R CGR UR btz# h#n@C) kn+# yYmrt$ kn yt-qs#T yxL lWC Ym-# YCl# bt=M Xnz!H yxL lWC bzR$ bxmUgB $ bsWnT KBdT bx-"Y y-@NnT h#n@ t}: SR cW lMl@ xN!T s@T ywR xbN yT yjmrCW b 14 ma b!N X* yMTwLT LJM bz!W lTM b 14 ma xb! yyT XD* kFt nW YH h#n@ XN!H lWC bzR /rG t}: SRT SR mcWN L

yt-qs#T yxL lWC btwsn QdM tktL Yksl# lMl@ y-#T XDgT yjMrW xN!T s@T ywR xb yT kmjm bGMT kxND xmT bT qdM Bl nW -#T l!rW yClW m-N ym=r dr kmDrs# bT btlÆ yXDgT drC LL bxNND s@C XDgt$ bl y-qQ s!N bxNNC dG xE XDgcW XSkb"bT bxBW k 18 XSk 19 mT XSlW g!z@ l!zLQ YCL

-#T s!L y-"LlW bWS-# yYcW ngC MNDN cW? BlN k-yQN xN nW wtT lmN=T lZ l-qM yglGlW KFL nW qW dG ySB KMCT s!N Xnz!HN h#lT KFlC bycW dG yYzW dG St y-#T xL KFL nW

xBWN k80 XSk 85 bm ynW KFL yYzW ySB KMCT nW yz!H ySB KMCT m-N m=mR wYM mqnS -#T l!rW yClWN m-N QR} bxBW YwSL YHM ySB KMCT m-N xnSt kn m-n# xnSt q_ l -#T XN!R dRUL bt"n!W ySB KMCT m-N kFt kn dG y-#T> m-N TLQ wdC ywdq XN!N dRgL

b-#T WS_ XN!h#M bx-"Y bsWnCN WS_ lW ySB m-N dG bq_ kxmUgCN UR YòL Slz!H yxmUgCN h#n@ bsWnCN WS_ lWN ySB m-N XN!qNS wYM XN!=MR ydRG kn b-#T m-N Y l!SkTL yClWN lW_ mgmT xScGRM mzNUT yl@lbT g#Y yzR rG //@r!tE/ xSt} nW xN!T s@T b@ts /Xa wYM XH/ TNN> -#C çcW kn X*M l!T yClW y-#T m-N bxBW XNdW TN> YL lT nW Slz!H y-#T m-N bsWnCN WS_ XNl#T N_r ngC RNS m-N XNdyxmUgCN bsWnT WS_ XNlW ySB KMCT XN!h#M XNdb@tsCN y-#T m-N h#n@ l!lY YCL bt=M bXRGZ b-#T _T wQT XNdh#M kwR xb bT l#T _qET qT WS_ -#T m-n# l!=MR YCL bx-"Y GN TKKl yL y-#T m-N ylM XNdwqW y-#T N tGƄ LJ l_T nW lz!H tGR dG y-#T m-N Tn!>M Yh#N TLQ mn# xSfg! nW tBl xYmNM bmn#M y-#T m-N TLQM Yh#N TN> ywdqM Yh#N btf_ ytw-r bSntLE |RT Y ySkTlW t}: ylM lT YҧL

ngR GN Bz# s@C yfLg#T xYnT y-#T m-N QR} XN!cW YfLUl# YH YN bqRbT g!z@M xNNc$N s@C l!S=NcW YCL xL xLM XcWN XSk_T l!dRxW YCL YHM ynW LJ k_T ƚgR ls@T LJ -#T yWba mglM +MR tdRg bHBrtsb# zND SlwsD nW bmn#M sC y-#T m-NN QR}N lmqyR ytlÆ q_gCN õl# kz!H btrfM XJG bM TN> y-#T m-N çcW s@C -#cW TLQ XN!mSLcW b__ ytl# y-#T qCN (s!CN) Y-ql# W GN bSn tL SRxT Y ymW t}: XSkl@l DrS tF_N mqbL ytl x+ l!N YCL

bM xL xL bL dr xNND s@C kn+# MNM -#T YcW wYM dG y-#t$ F B l!cW YCL YH h#n@ bxBW ywR xb yT bgbT 16 mT xb! lyT $ bBLT bBBT xb! ig#R lBqL X xL xL kq$mT xlm=mR UR YòL YHM ynW Xnz!HN yxL lWC y-T N_r ngC /RC/ btlÆ yxf-R CGC MKNT Ymrt$ yq XNdn wYM ysWnT KFlC lnz!H N_r ngC mLS mS-T s!QtW nW Xnz!H s@C ymNnT CGR l!U_cW YCL XNdz!H xYnT s@C ! MRm HKM SlSfLUxW yHiN /k!M kR XNlcW mGl} SfLUL

l-"lL -#T XNd mLCN XNdy m-CN LnT ytly m-N QR{ l!rW YCL yz!H ym-N LnT NWN y-#T tGR -#T _TN yWK lmn# Sfg! SUT +NqT XSN m-bQ SfLUL

bm=rM yz!H i#/# x -#TN btmlkt l# B lmS-T lmn# NWNM ytly wYM t= B lGT l kR XNdSfLG yi#/# xQb! b}n# ML

ESOG - Ethiopian Society of Obstetricians & Gynecologists- yx!T y}NS yHiN k!C HbR lT s!N@ YHN xMD kxDS xDvRYz!G UR bmtbR yqRBCh# DRJT nW (Sflg ..q$_R 8731 SLK 011-5-50606869) MNT XNg"... _ g!z@

***

LcWN yStM y LC

xbb tgR kx!G

. . .

x L nW...

XD 16 nW ywlDk#T b15 mt& nW...

"b" xt& t Xt& d& xYn SWR nC xT LC nbRN

h#lt$ DRJT gb# Xn@ wND wN

"wNc$N LtlmDcW CGR nW kXn\# xNN LZN

yNM ww XNlN SgDL

h#lT LC xl#...

yxN*N xT xWqlh# yz!HN xWqWMwqfCW HN bxg XyC

"b@t\c& TGY cW...

"Xt& bQRb# XNdtC sMlh#...

"x x=lh# xND ST mT L

ywh#T b90 nW...

XD xh#N 17 nW

xYY LJ ylM GN GN xRGlh# xT wR L

 S-L ....

bNGGcW XNN XNdh#n# trDCh#L B LgmT xMST s@T y tĶ sC xgh# XDxcW k16 XSk 23 lW ywTnT g!z@ XNdg# XNNcWN b-yk#bT g!z@ trDlh# kxMSt$ y s@C WS_ h#lt$ XNNcW h#lT h#lT LC wLdL xN* 16 nC ymjm L*N xQlC l@ 17 nC yxT wR nFs -#R T q xMSt bQrb# }NS r_ xsRlC. . . wN byT LjMR ?

Xn@ DNgT wd xND xb! XNz!HN xgh# XN! byxb!CN btlY b mNgC bg# q+N mgN- mNgC mhL lq$_R bKT h#n@ y tĶCN XglN

g} S"Y WS_ nW lW MT YYƬL qfT HN -#aN TN* x WS_ xSgB XyttC ZlC -#a wtT ymn+ xYmSlM  XT sLCaL h#l#M ngR _q&c&N NT jM Bz# wL  ZB jMr wd xND vrN -U xLN

ZB s!m MN dRUCh# xL*T  lMnN ld kt tkYtN XDlN Ln? Ln lCN s!U X=SN gƼT kt"m b" ylW Qt$ gN Xs#N YzN SRT >N vrN XN-llN

xa& kt$ b" yXa d xYn SWR mN wd XNDTw T knbT XHT wND WS_ h#lt$N xND b xDg! DRJT tqbcW X* wNDN dG MLaL yYlW trkcW

xBc$ y tĶ s@C l HYwT ytrg#T wC Y xNC XKL bmG- nW yh#lT LC XT ynCW l@ y18 mT wT lMN kb@T XNdwC xwUC

 

wc& tL& xW"cWM kxKSt& UR nbR yMrW wc& mcWN yngrCM X*W nC. . . b" xKStM tC Xn@ yb@T k!Y mKfL xLLk#M n@ HN nbRk# b" wh#

SNT g!z@ n> ?

x|R mT YnL

Y MN T\l> ?b" Lm nW?

b!ZnS Xslh#

MNDN nW dG b!ZnS?

>R_... l@nT ll!T ll!T xSLT Y Xlh# xNND mk! yz# \C YzW Yl#

MN xYnT \C?

TLQ \C cW xT l!n# yCl#

YN | kjmrC xT xMST mT Y¬L XNdngrC h#l@ NM T-qlC YH Ln lws!E GN#nt$ f"d xTNM kxND \W UR drC wYM yll!t$N G> xYtW b*T q$_R k50 XSk 60 BR xglh# BlC M XNd xBc$ y tĶC ls#S ytUl-C bm ls!U lT s!L kd UR ld STkFL NtE L"L dGM blS kqT nW >Gl@c$ ywS*T l@lc$ g"cW d bLm B XNdD nGrWL X* b!Zns#N lMN mr-CW? wa lz!H y\-CW M> Lm bM S-L y\W T YUrL \Rt> xTbYM YLL ll!T ll!T dG yg tĶ wNC SgDhL Slz!H R W nW bn kmdfR mST YL TlC

l s@C ihY wd dM bl#T wYM wd l@W xlM LT\RQ SzqZQ \qqN YjML ll!t$N BRD xl ZB xl xLCh#M Xnz!H ytlm Bz#M CGC tdRgW yYw\ cW ftW l@ nW s@C cW bwNC Ygdl# s@C cW kwNC ytl \W NtEM Y\cL tBl bwNc$ Sl\B gNzB Wl YƧl# kl@cW Ydbdl# s@C cW tf_ xcWN XNdwND Gz#F -N xdrgcWM bSlT tD tdBD TwD"lC LJ çT knS? sqqn# X_F ll!t$ XJG riM YL qdM s!L yi#h# mGb! dr*T y16 mT wT ktT lM ld k䧧T tkY DlC LnS?

LN Y& SRT >N vrN Xlh# y"cW wNC xl# Xns# UR X xDlh#

CGR xYf-RM bDU XNTwLJ XNJ?

xLtM D lL dLD xLB@ Xn@ q$+ nW yMlW xNNc$ dc R l bR BL

lMNDN nW yTtW?

bM Xflh# xMcWM l@ \W dG LN ywSDB  YmSlL

bM ygrmN LNgCh# kxMSt$ h#lt$ lTMHRT yds#cWN ymjm LcWN StMl# MN DRg# lXns# Ldrs lM lns# Ldrs wgN lns# Ldrs mNGST Xns#N LtqblC HYwT Y twLdW Y dg# LcW XNT YL BlW YgMt$ tMtW lLcW M _rW TMHRT b@T dRl# YmLl# TMHRT b@T b@t\sB cW bR HT UR ylW > s!mlS b@t$ nW wYM ymLsW ylM ktc$ URS MN w MNS Yl#T YN? MN Y-Yq$T YN ?

x!G/ ESOG- Ethiopian Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists wYM yx!T y}NS yHiN hk!C HbR lT nW YHN xMD byMNt$ kxDS xDvRYz!NG UR bmtbR qRBCL/ SLK 0115506069 ..q$ 8731/ MNT XNg"... _ g!z@::

***

k wd

xbb tgR kx!G

XD 17 nWݯ twL nW dgCWXa UR x!S xb kt tKlYT xb! StEK b@T sRtW Y nbRݯ Y twL Y xDU x MN l!N YCL) kXa tlY kxND yd HYT :zN wd l@ :zN kXT wd l@lC tmY dC tqqlCxND l@ wNDM xT Xs#M Btg!Rg!S DLDY xb! Y YL M mN XN! ysCW bmLK xqWM

xBc$ y tĶ s@C LJ YwLl# gR*cW WS_ YC y 17 xmT wTS)

xYY yl"M GN...

GN MN)

xRGLh#

x xh#N nFs -#R n>) B _q&N nh# b" *N SmlkT xWnTM LaL

ySNT wR nW)

Xn@ XN xND xT wR YnL

g! wa rgzCW kxND XNd*W y tĶ kn rM nW

Xh#N NC UR xl h#n@WNS "L)xL*T ylM wd mn@ *L xlC" bNCN Y g"CW gRCW wC LJ ywLT bxBW k tĶ rMC s!N btrf kl@lC kCW sC nWyh#lT LC xT ynCW y23 xmT wT ymjm L*N ywldCW k tĶ rM s!N h#ltWN xT GN bWL xqWMbDNgT tdF XNrgzC XNDwldC xWGlC

y s@C fLGWM Yh#N tgdW Y kg#cW wNC WS_ btly g!z@ ktlÆ wNC UR Yl# Bz# g!z@ ! XRGZW ktkst b" wNc$ y rMC >tW Y-l# Yswl#wYM YKl# YHN dRg#S MN dRg#C"L) bL xNNc$N S-YQy 16 xmT g! yxND LJ XT ynCW MNM... GN xlC GN kNH sW m xY> lt$ _ nW

wd i#h# mn wdnCW g! LmlS =lC TQlC YH ngR kXRGZ UR XNT nW) xL*T

=S M xLLk#M xND MNT XqW¼xM la

nWk XNdg XjMlh# bs# MKNT xYdL ytrRk#T

kyT)

DRJT gBc& nbR

g! waN xND b xDg! DRJT h#l#NM ngR Cl lStR wS*T nbRM kl@lC tmY d UR bmN s!U XytdbqC =lCbc$ BTmkRM LM xLlCMbm=r xrT Xn!WM X* XNdMTlW

bM xscG kxQcW bY cW btdUU

tmK s!UWN mtW SLLk# nW r". . . wYn@

xh#N b!N GN XtW nbR XlC

xh#NS b!N lMN xM) xL*T

Y nH M xTCLM h#l#M =L

h#l#M YQL d YdBL

YH mLS yh#l#M xG"clh#M y tĶ s@C lXrGZ btdUU YUll#bz!H g!z@M =l#bz!H MKNT dG bXRGZWM Yh#N bwl!D g!z@ xScU h#n@C U_cL y 20 xmT XD çT wT h#lT LC x*T kwCbT kxSR xmT bT jM =lCymjm L*N STwLD XJG bb S"Y HmM bq _g nW ytgglCWݦk!c$ bs#S MKNT CG XNdts XNdngT xWGlCng XN*NS zNB> . . . nW y-@ KTTL xdRg#M YHN XDRG b!l#M yn wrqT ycWMyn wrqT XN} qbl@ ycWM y"cW qbl@M ylM

xNN bXRGZW mL DNgT s!åcW dcW xFsW xN ymNGST SpEL Sg*cLBz# g!z@ y-@ lWc$ y tĶC mcWN s!q$ yl#TN HL Yr*cL ytlÆ yXRGZ mkkC XN!-qM YmKcLmkkWNM Ys*cLbtlY lST wT yglGlWN bmR ys-WN yXRGZ mkk

y s@C xBc$ bL dr mWlD xYfLg#M bl#T xgȸ h#l# ! }Ns#N lr_ lSwrD YfLUl# YKl#xNNc$ NtEM lMnW kdcW tbDrW bysf bLMD WR XNslN wdl# sC Yl#l@lc$ g#TN mDn!T h#l# bBT bm_ lSwrD YKl#

Xn@ K nbR çdrk#T ngR ylM . . . Bz# YL ytl

mDn!T wS nbR }Ns# YwRL By b!SKl@T mUlB M

nbR GN xLnM

yh#lT LC XT nC YHN yMTl"ݬ! lMN h#lt wlD>) llW _q& xN dG m ks# UR YL B mRk# yMwUWN mR rh#T xrgZk# Bz#c$ lST wT ys-WN yXRGZ mkk YwSl# M byST w tkTlW xYwSM ! bz!H xUȸ rGl#

wc$ lMN kb@cW w-#) llW _q& yts-WN M> -"ly dRgWS

Xn@ b@tsc& TGY cW. . . DC

CW tsD mh#

XD ST yh#lT LC XT

xT yl"M Xt& T-lCTSKLCXn@

WNDc&N NtEM lMCh# xM-# TlC

XmlN X* T-blC b" mrr" wd

wh#. . . Xnz!HN HT xfh#

yh#lT LC XT XD

xt& t Xt& D d xYn SWR nC mtd ylNM xT LC nbRN h#lt$NXHT wNDN DRJT wscW Xn@ wND wN

yxN!T LJ XT XD

wc& tL kxKSt& UR nW ynbRk#TmcWNM yngrC" xKSt& nC Xn@ wc&N x"cWM b" xKSt&M tC n@ Xn@ LJ nbRk# NM yl"Myb@T KY ykFLL" ylM b" wd wh#

XD 17 xN }NS r_ xsRlC

ESOG /Ethiopian Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists / yx!T }NS HiN k!C HbR lT s!N YHN xMD byMNt$ kxDS xDvRYz!G UR bmtbR yqRBCh# DRJT nW SLK 0115 506069 ..q$.$ 8731 MNT XNg" _ g!z@

***

yXRGZ mkk>N mr_>)

yXRGZ mkk kYrs# UR l s@C

xbb tgR kx!G

. . . _T MRMcWN yq-l#T YNtESC "vaginal micro besides" lT XRGZN Xytkkl bt=M x@C.xY.v! XNYtlF ydRG mDn!TN b| Y Wl# tBl Y-b"L YH XSk!N DrS xh#N lNbT g!z@ XRGZN Xytkkl x@C.xY.v! kxN wd l@W XNYtlF ydRG z ylM /NM GN XNYr/

bxF WS_ l# bl@lC bR hgT s _T tdRL

yTc$ yXRGZ mkkC btlY kx@C.xY.v! UR l s@C tS cW? wYM tS xYdl#M? bL XNN yXRGZ mkk xYnT k MRMR _T ktdbT b" xND xYnT xmdB tzRGaL

8; bm yn# kYrs# UR y XHC wYM XC mWlD bCl#bT yXD KLL WS_ cW mWlD bCl#bT yXD KLL WS_ mN BM YN xh#N xh#N HYwTN bt_L kmGT YLQ xBc$ bU /_ND/ bmN HYwTN qlL xDR mMT ytl XNdn Ml# kYrs# UR y \C bU mcW Bz# g#ĆCN XNd"LcW Ygl# St$ kYgW s#N lwq \W YLQ bg#Ć WS_ l kn l@W \W MN XytsW XNdn bql# YrL GL STN HmMN YUL lCGC mFTM kLMD ytlWN qRL

Bz#C lT bL dr kYrs# UR y _NC LJ XN!cW YfLUl# xNNC dG Yrs# wd LJ XNYtlF bXRGZ bwl!D g!z@ y xdUCN b\B bFQR b-@ YwL mRN YmRl# /Yrs# kXT wd LJ ymtlF xUȸ k25 XSk 40bm YdRL/

kYrs# UR Xy krGz# bR s@C WS_ 9; bm yn#T XRGZC ltflg# Lq cW YH ltflg wYM Lqd KStT dG wdyT l!g XNdCL Yw"L kYrs# UR l s@C dG y}NS r_ KStT ybl-WN xdg yNbT xUȸ s nW

lM xq y-@ DRJT/WHO/ kYrs# UR l wgC XRGZN lmkkL mcW zND xT MDCN zRGaL

ymjmW MDB MNM yYklkl# MNM g#T yl@cW xBC l!-qcW yCl# cW bz!H MDB WS_ NM Y-qL YH z btlY h#l@ xGB lW mNgD m-qM ktl XRGZN mkkL B YN x@C.xY.v! kxN wd l@W XNYtlF YrL

h#ltW MDB Y l#T dG bLMD pELS Xytl y-W byq$n# yw\D XNKBL /combined oral contraceptive/ xN s!N kz!h# UR l@lC kRN yt\ yXRGZ mkkC l# t-"> cW bz!H MDB |R yg#T yXRGZ mkkC kYrs# UR l XC XHC Bz# g#T yl@cW wYM kN -N"cW _QcW ymZN bL ytmdb# cW M bt"n!W wd StW MDB SnwRD g#ĬcW k_QcW ymZN bL ytmdb#TN XglN lMl@ sRYL P /cervical cup/ !FM /Diaphram/ t-"> s!n# b hgR Ltlm cW

ym=rW MDB f} kYrs# UR l wgC XRGZN lmkkL bL mwsD yl@lcW yYzz# ytklkl# cW yXRGZ mkkW "spermicidal" wYM xrͥ Kn!N bL Yw"L xrͥ Kn!N h#l@ kGN#nT bT HiN WS_ yg yXRGZ mkk xYnT nW bx-"Y GN YH xmdB XNl l@lC myT ygcWN g#ĆC kz!h# UR mGl} GD YL

l# m-qM yMTfLG kYrs# GR yMTR XT wYM XHT XNC xYnT q$SlT /infection/ l yXRGZ mkkW knbrbT MDB h#lT wd MDB xT YwRL Y,M lT yXRGZ mkkWN f} m-qM ytklkl YL

l@W kNM bStqR ytzrzTM n# l@lC yXRGZ mkkC x@C.xY.v! kxN wd l@W XNYtlF Fi#M xYrM kz!H btrf xN!T kYrs# UR yMTR XT y* yTR ľ y-@NnT h#n@ bsWnT WS_ yYrs# m-N b l yb>W xYnT yMTwSdW yir x@C.xY.v! mDn!T bMtmR-W yXRGZ mkk xYnT Y xSt}x t}: çcW Wn@ Y lmDrS mwQ lcW xSfg! g#ĆC cW /bmn#M WD kYrs# UR yMT XT yXRGZ mkk Xyw\DM Yh#N wYM lmW\D \B> bmjm bxb!> wdg" y-@ tM bmZlQ wYM KTTL bMdRg!bT y-@ tM lT wd GL x> bmD Sl g#Ć bGL} Tmk zND lSwS HL XN-q$M>/

ESOG - Ethiopian Society of Obstetricians & Gynecologists- yx!T y}NS yHiN k!C HbR lT s!N@ YHN xMD kxDS xDvRYz!G UR bmtbR yqRBCh# DRJT nW (Sflg ..q$_R 8731 SLK 011-5-50606869) MNT XNg"... _ g!z@

 

***

lDNgt KStT DNgt mFT

xbb tgR k-ESOG

. . . LJT XNd ng \R l!N wd xND y-@ tM dC "ng \Rg@ nW lmjm g!z@M ws!E GN#nT Xf}lh# xh#N lNbT h#n@ GN mwlD xNfLGM bmn#M DNgt ywl!D m- XNDT\-#" XfLUlh#" xlC ymr mrB (Internet) tkF Yn#R mrWN LQM xDRU XNBlC k!M yWq$T DNgt ywl!D m- lDNgt KStT kDNgt ws!E GN#nT b" y\_ XN! XN!H SbT N tBl lDrG GN#nT l@ mdb mkk wYM NM m-qM XNlT xSr . . . yng > yt-qs#TN ywl!D mkkC m-qM Fi#M xLflgCM

XN!H l# qL yYl# xUȸC y-@ lC U_cL xBc$ ybT hB ! DNgtW ywl!D mkk -qEC yYfLg#TN LJ kwL mkkWN \_ bqY mdb ln ws!E GN#nT mdb yn# mkkCN XN!-q k YL yC cW /.R `Ylg!Rg!S xYtNFs# YHN i#h#F E xRTT xdWbL XcWN xmSG wg@N Lq_L/

ngR btlY lwC DNgt XRGZ XNk\TcW h#n mFT TmSlC xNN bxLL m-C GT LJ mWlD LfLg#bT g!z@ l@ g!z@ dG NM m-qM lmflG wYM bGN#nT g!z@ b!qdD kz!H W+ ywR xb ;#dTN bm-bQ GN#nT yf} _NC (Calendar method yl#TN lT nW) qn#N wYM x-N bmT lMNM XRGZ mkk ws!B l!f} YCl# bxgCN krM g!z@M bT YNM DNgt ywl!D m- (Emergency Contraceptive pills-EC) XN!H l# xUȸC xgLGlT Y yl mFT nW

DNgt ywl!D m- (Emergency Contraceptive-EC) h#lT F XNKBL nC yMTw\dW GN#nT btdrg b72 sT WS_ nW ymjmN xND F bw\ k 12 \T b" XNdg q F Tw\lC YH ws!E GN#nT btfim b 72 sT WS_ ktw\d 85 bm XRGZWN YkkL g!z@W k 72 sT lf yfTN XRGZ ymkkL xQ bW m-N YqNL mDn!t$ XNT nW y\W? YkkL s!L gB MN dRUL) XmlSblh#

bR g! wC yxSgD mdfR xdU YdRScL b yxSgD mDfR wQT xSgD dͶW x@C.xY.v!N =M ll@lC yxlzR b>C !g! waN xUL*T l!N YCL Bz#C bRG_M lz!H XNdUl-# Yw"L kz!H bY dG kTfLgW \W yTfLgW XRGZ bTfLgW g!z@ bTfLgW XD l!m YCL DNgt ywl!D m- (EC) XN!H l# bR xUȸC b!NS XRGZW XNYksT WRM XNYktL t-qE wd -@ tM b 72 sT WS_ kdr\C mDn!t$ Y\ȬL

xNN dG kz!H W+ l# sCM ktlÆ MKNC tnStW l!-qbT YCl# lMl@ mdb ywl!D m- yMTwSD XTXHT DNgT btkY h#lT qT BTr bmL DNgt ywl!D m-WN bmw\D XRGZN mkkL TClC

DNgt ywl!D m- btmlkt xBZ ymkrW mkkWN mdb mkk DrG xYCLM yL nW lz!H MKNt$ kmdbc$ ywl!D mkkC UR xSt"nt$ s!iR ZQ l bmn# Lflg#T XRGZ XNYk\T nW qdM s!L yz!H yDNgt ywl!D m- ymkkL xQM 85 bm nW BlL ymdbW dG k99 bm bY nW YH dG qL yL xYnT LnT xYdlM bmn#M lDNgt xUȸW YHN DNgt mFT ywsd sW bqY wd mdb mGT XN! xh#NM DNgt nW bL lmdbW ws!E GN#na DNgt ywl!D m-N mdb DrG xTCLM- MKNT yTfLgW XRGZ l!k\T SlCL

bDNgt ywl!D m- bk#L l#T yN -NC/side effects/ MNDN cW? ktl m-n yn# lK yYs-# cW l_qET sT Ql>l> bxNND sC Y SmlS yS MT y-#T HmM l!R YCL btrf m-n yn bHiN bk#L ydM f> l!k\T b!CL XNG yn ngR xYdlM lXnz!H KStC wd k!M mD SfLG YCL bcW g!z@ yStkl# bmcW qdM s!L nnW l@W g#Y mDn!t$ wYM mkkW XNT Y\L ylW _q& nW TN> yl֩! TMHRTN wd " XSWS wYM wdT XN-YQ ys@T LJ btf_ byw kW yXNq$L Mr UN XNblW (Ovary) xND XNq$L xk#R xNq$l# kwND yzR f> UR wdgbT t$/fallopian tube/ T-UlC/TwlC DNgt ywl!D m- ! XNq$L XNYf-R dRUL YH xN |W nW bl@ bk#L dG xN!T XRGZ yTfLG s@T DNgt ywl!D mkk ws!B bfimC bST qT WS_ BTwSD mkkW yHiN GDG lXRGZ Mc$ h#n@ XNYf-RlT dRUL St SW /sperm/ ywND zR f>M Yh#N ys@a XNq$L bHiN WS_ GN#nT XNQS"s@ bDrG nW \W l!N yCL xL yf_T M DNgt ywl!D m- ktwsd yh#lt$NM XNQS"s@ bStٯL xN kl@W UR XNYg"

dRUL...yDNgt ywl!D m- (EC) bWL ywq$T |c$ Xnz!H cW bNCN mL YH DNgt ywl!D m- ygW XNdNWM mDn!T byRs!W YN b-@ t̥T B y-@ lCN bkR yg" nW MNT XNg"..._ g!z@

***

NM XNd cl@T

xbb tgR k E S O G

abaeteshager@yahoo.com

# bws!B mL GR> dS xYlSM

GN yGD m-qM Slg X-qlh#

btlY lXRGZ mkk! nW yM-qMbT

ƧgM xN!T d B xlCS $

XD 3; wND

* * *

# Sl xdU X\Bk# ws!B dRG

lxND dqE"M XN*N b!N dSt xLNM

Slz!H NM X-qlh# dS YL YCL

"Safety first" (QD _N"q&) $

XD 26 s@T

* * *

 

#NM m-qM YdBrL

Natural xYdlM XNG ngR nW

M xdUN lmkkL

lMNM mzUT X-qlh# $

XD 28 wND

* * *

#It is ok! MNM CGR ylBSM lW -q xNR MNM xYdBRSM

xh#N bRG_ kľ UR tMRMrN kYrs# n XNdNN xwqL Slz!H NM xL-qMM

D XN!WM MN xdRG nbR m\lH dRb@ nW yM-qmW ym#lK wYM ymqdD XDL SlR ! XNT m\l, ydrbW bmjm xNN SglH yBLT GND _G |R kmDrs# bT TtwlH l@WN dG XNdW -LqW BLT GND |R DrS ymjmW lqbT xlfH dRglH h#lt$M BLt$N mZ xlcW Slz!h xYLKM $

XD 29 wND

YHN i#h#F lzUjC SB XNND wCN -Yq& g"cW MC cW kY ytnbb#T (btlY Sl wND NdM nW tMwUW) l@ nbBk#TN yQRB g!z@ mr SkTL bb@n!N kx|R NM t-"C WS_ z-#(l# bl# lT YҧL) yNMN x-"qM bTKKL xq$M bm l- t-" wNC s@C kXN=T yt\ ywNDN BLTN ymSL QR} NM t\_acW XN-Lq$ t-yq$& 11 bm yn#T B bTKKL NN btzUjW QR} Y s!-Lq$ l@lc$ xLl#M bz!HM MKNT YmSL YL _t$ xBc$ s@T xĶC yNM mqdD wYM m#lK U_cL

kx|kx|R kz!M bY xmT bT bxN hgR btdrg# _C yNM mqdD m#lK btdUU XNdU_M t-q$L Xn! _C dG# Sexually Active $ lws!B ydrs# wCN çtt$ nb xh#N l# yNM xYnC _c$ btdrg#bT g!z@ knbT ytl cW xh#N bm-N ytlÆ bqlM Bz# xYnT kmcWM bY _ mx h#l# XN!cW tdRL xNNc$ yc&l@T STb X ym\l#TN mC yz# cW

xh#N lW h#n@ bNM kdrg# ws!E GN#nC WS_ ymqqD XL xND bm wYM kz!H bC nW ym#lK dG ST bm l!dRS YCL YH CGR bnnT kx-"qM UR ytz nW XNd x_Sc$ xL t-"W yNN m-N lwQ ym-q g!z@ klF t= QT km-qM X b-LQbT g!z@ kF xyR kmtW UR YòL l# bl# kt-"W UR B nW tBl XNYdmdM GN xND l@ bx btdrg _T h#lT bm bs# bN CGR MKNT ymqdD ym#lK XDL YL s!L YgLL

kyTWM xQ yw-# mrC lTM bm}/FM Yh#N bx!NtRn@T kmNGSEM bk#L Yh#N mNGSE Ln# DRJC kcWM yXRGZ mkkC YLQ NM ytl XNdn Ym\Kl# #bxND DNUY h#lT kz!M bY wF XN!l# Ltflg XRGZN x@C.xY.v!N =M l@lC yxƧzR b>CN YkkL MNM xYnT YN -NQ ylWM NM ySfLgW ws!B s!f} B nW wN l# mW\D wYM btly g!z@ mR mwUT k!M zND mmlSN xY-YQM l@lC yXRGZ mkkC GN XRGZN kmkkL bzll xYMk-Q CGc$ UR Xnz!HN ymkkL xQM lW NdM B nW

kNM UR btyz bmGb!CN XNd CGR ktgli#T l@ xNNC #NMN l_lQ bmL F ydr\ STN r-# YdBL $ yL xStyT xGSc& nbR YHN btmlkt l@ xStt$N y\- wT btly mNgD mFT xlW YL "bmjm NM yMT-qmW lU _N"q& Sln NN s@T ľHM b_lq$ dT XNDGZH wYM * XND-LQLH xDRG XJG YmL STNM xYrB>M" YL glW LtmCh# xNb!N yU CGR Sln gs#S

bNCN Y NM kx@C. xY. v! UR btz ym mkk xYdlM qdMT GBWN kKRSS LdT bT 1;;; mT xb! kYnN nK =RQ yt\ yBLT LBS lb mkk! Y-q nbR kKRSS LdT b" dG 1;; X 2;; mT xb! bM NM Y-q XNdnbR mrC Ynbl# 15W KFl zmN xb! dG ytl ngR YaL YnN nK ngN ywND zR f>N ygL Spermcides/ k@L mNkR xDR m-qM tjmr b18;; c$ dG N ybl- bQl_ StEK bmF-R ytl NM bF_nT bBT Xytmrt XNWM 1861 bn!WRK YMS Uz@ SwqEW w M 1873 yXRGZ mkk!N StwQ bHG tklkl b1957 ymjmW QƬlubricated / NM bXNGl!Z tmR gb w 198;c$ btlY x@C. xY. v! /x@DS kwq b" yNM SR+T ybl-WN r

bQRB ytg xND yQRB g!z@ mr bY˶ü2;;5 yhgt$ BE yx@DS mkkL SRTN ymW t& XNdgliW lT xT mT 2;; l!N NC xgLGlT Y WlL 83% yn# bY˶ yg# s@t xĶC NM Y-ql# YH LMD mnW Ltflg XRGZNM Yh#N x@C. xY. v! / x@DSN lmkkL dt$ bXJg# xbrC wdTM XN!q_L RBRB q_*L bz!C hgR 7 l!N yn# \C yf"SnT MRm xDrgW cWN xWqL 1;;,;;; XC Yrs# wd LJ XNYtlF GNb@ xGStW _N"q& Xdrg# nW

kNM R:S g#Y Lw MNT XNd DKT f"D bNM bk#L bhgCN l#TN XWnC Y Xmllh#

ESOG-Ethiopian Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists-yx!T }NS HiN k!C HbR lT s!N YHN xMD kxDS xDvRYz!G UR bmtbR yqRBCh# DRJT nW/SLK 0115 506069 ..q$ 8731/ MNT XNgS _ g!z@

***

T xLL NM ws!E GN#nT

xbb tgR k x!G

# bUl ST mL NM _lQ bM xScU nW YQRBN K! $

# ylM ylM Xn@ drk#LH gZk#H SCN xYrb>M

* * *

# W bxUȸ NM xLZk#M

# GlM Xn@ Ylh# GL}nT Xz!H DrS b!dS

* * *

# XN xMSSM; xMnSM;

# Y ymtmN g#Y wYM _q& xYdlM x@C. xY.v! bws!E GN#nT B YN btly mNgD YtlL Slz!H XSKNmrmrR nM XN-qM $

* * *

# . . . Gn bM XwDlh# . . . xfQRlh# XwDlh# xfQrlh#

# Slz!H LNG LNr ywdT n#xCNN dSt LdRG YgL

* * *

# l B l NM XNKR;

# yxND g!z@ xUȸ B lxdU l!UL-N YCL $

* * *

NMN lm-qM Yh#N lm-qM XJG Bz# MKNC l!drd YCl# M kh#l#M bY kHYwT UR bq_ lmz# lBz#C GL} nW YH kn dG m-qM lgcW lfLg# h#l@ ws!E Gn#nT s!Sb# NM b!Yz# Sl nM kĮcW kFQrcW UR XNT XNddrG XNT b!drG XNdqL STN XNdYrB> b!w yws!bE GN#T ScWN ybl- lm-bQ kz!M yfLg#TN HL R l!g# XNdCl# Y\L

lfW MNT SlNM wG jMrN nbR YHN km bT ! wd

!k@tE DKT x!T zlk# btlmd GM mStNG*cW tqbl#S kzkz!H bT knbcW h#lT yNM xYnC HYT TrST s@Ns@>N l@# FNC l!NG $ yt\ l@ yNM xYnT bz!W sN XNStwq$ wT L bl- yRk@tEG$ R gl-CLSy kz!HM bt= li#h# YrS zND _qET mrCN xgh#

wd hgCN !k@tEN =M y-@ _b" n!St&R yx!Tג# b@tsB mM HbR l@lC DRJC NMN =M ytlÆ ywl!D m- mDn!CN kW+ Sgl# b1997 .M. bw mr Xnz!H DRJC bx-"Y 68,831,86268l!N bY NC bz!h# mT xkFlL YH SR+T bKLL dr s!Y b bx bTGY bQdM tktL kFt q$_R lW NM tkL dk@tE x!T -@ _b" R dG kFtWN `nT ykfL | XNdtk yq$_R mrW mlKL !k@tE x!Tג# \frW mr m\rT ktm g!z@ jM 5;; l!N NM \=T C*L

bt-"C rgD kxBc$ ywl!D mqȶC YLQ lTM kmdbW ywl!D m- XNKBL bKND kqbrW yXRGZ mkk kl# kl@lc$ btl \C wd NM MR xzNBlL b1995 .M. yNM t-"C bxgR xqF dr 16 bm ynbr s!N l1996 .M. bgRM h#n@ wd 51 bm yt-" q$_R xDL YH q$_R b1997 .M. wd 41 bm ZQ Bl YaL MKNt$ MN XNdn Xn@ mr xgh#M

YH XwNlT lW x@C.xY.v!N =M yxlzR b>CN ykkL Ltflg XRGZ XNYksT y-rW NM wd hgCN btlÆ DRJC kmGt$ bT kg b" XNN n- NM bDM ST g!z@ _t$N lrUg_ ytlÆ kC Ydrg#bL bmjm ymRtW DRJT xStS mn#N YrUgL kz!M Inter independent laboratory/ glLt yn xȶ DRJT bxlM z# ymrt$ NCN bl# TKKl xStS mcWN rUgL bm=r wd hgCN s!gb# ymDn!T q$__R xStdR bs# mNgD xStSnncWN xrUG xgLGlT Y XN!Wl# YwsL

kz!H btrf l@W xtW xL XRS t-"W Yl# MR bt&KS yts natural latex b!N YmrL Xnz!H yNM xYnC 15;% x@l@KTn!l! ytk cW N g! Y yxgLGlT g!z@WN mmLkT lfbT xlmn#N rUg_ x-"qN bk@t$ Y mgNzB wYM QDM XNwUnW kd UR |l g#Ć WT Xn!H `nC s!kl#bT W-@t$ ytflgWN HL yr YL NMN lGT dG xScU xYmSLM ks#C ks#pR Rk@C kRs!C l@ s#Q bdrt&C b-qbT t&L mS b@T >NT b@C xNN b\bT mb@T _U _G >NT b@C GT yLcW xUȸC xl#

xh#N wd x!S xb n!vRs!tE YCh# LZlQ bx-"Y SntL -@ Y NM UR btz 2;;5 XNd xWWN zmN qmR xND _T bxND y_T lC b#DN t-N 2;;6 X.x.x. w_aL _t$ btlÆ MC yg# ytlÆ kxNd XSk xMSt mT tCN ltT KL tc$ yXRGZ mkkCN lmMr_ m\rT ydRg#T W-@ XN!N YfLUl# yN -NcW kR xlmcWN YmlKl# lx-"qM Mc$ qL yn#TN YfLUl# NdMN btmlkt dG tc$ lm-qM XNQT ycW g#ĆC MN XNdn# t-YqL yxBc$ M> m\rT çcW l@lC GN lm-qM yt\-# YmSl# lMl@ bql# xYgSM WD nW yL M> ys-# Yg#bL llC dG dN partner NM XN-qM llT Fl#:- bST tW-W bW ws!E Gn##nT yxL Yq_l# XRN YqNL :-l@ ywl!D mq- X-qlh#:- s#Q mGT YdBrL:- x-"qN xLCLM yl# MCM tGStL

bNCN mL lT 12 wT _t$ ktdrgbT 2;;5 bTjM ws!E Gn#nT knbcW tC Ws_ 69bm yn#T NM m-qcWN gLiL kXnz!HM 19bmW s@C cW YH btlY ys@C NM ym-qM LMD XN-qM kL ymn= kn MNM XN*N t ytl# yHBrtsB KFlC b!n#M JM GN mbrT ygW YmSL _t$ l@ xND gh#bT q$MngR Bz# wC lws!E GN#nT yf_n#bT kz!M bY NM yY-qbT xUȸN lmft> KL bz!h#M btlY xND \W T Q bz! Y xLL m-_ kdrbbT yXnz!H W-@T Glsb#N wd ws!B mGT YL btlY XN!H l# sC NM lm-qM _N"q& ytbT ws!B lmfiM ygbT yB xDS FNN xmlKtWM Bz#CM lxdU bUL_ h#n@ ws!B Yf}l# YH bBz# _C ytdgf nW XSh#N wnW ywNCN NM btmlkt nW

l@ gh#T mr ys@C NM SR+T XJG bM xnSt kz!H G yYL mn#N nW M bs@C bk#L ymr_ xNDN nM dUG bN}H lm-qM XDL ys_ nW kz!H l@ Bz# g!z@ NM lm-qM wNC mFqD xlcW bz!H rgD ys@C NM * s@a ybl- lmddR XDL y\T nW ys@C NM kws!E GN#nT bM qD l!drG yCL nW bmn#M STN lm-bQ kwNC NM ytl Xndn yx-"qM mGlW ÜL kz!H l@ GN#nT ktfim b" nN w!Wn# wYNM zGY WT YҧL bx-"Y GN bz!H rgD lW SR+T bM Zqt kmn# xNR Sl s@C nM Bz# WT yLbT g#Y xLnM UW GN TN> YwdL

ESOG - Ethiopian Society of Obstetricians & Gynecologists- yx!T y}NS yHiN k!C HbR lT s!N@ YHN xMD kxDS xDvRYz!G UR bmtbR yqRBCh# DRJT nW (Sflg ..q$_R 8731 SLK 011-5-50606869) MNT XNg"... _ g!z@

***

yL yST yxR x@C (Rh) ydM TnT bmlyt$ ytn b}Ns# Y l!ksT yClWN g#T mkkL YҧL

Slz!H g#Y lmF k xDRg@ nbR M R}\ g#N lmrT kXn@ xQM Q xlb" b` lR wRQnN xwh#T .. f nbW bM g" X XNtM BTUT MN YC`L

ydM YnT lT MNDN nW?

XNN sW ys# ydM YnT xlW ydM YnT SNL MN lCN nW ydM YnT bqY ydM HC Y yg# N_r ngCN (Antigens) ymlKT s!N Xnz!H N_r ngC xND sW yrWN ydM YnT YwSl# ydM Ync$M b dr bxT Ykfl# Xns#M x@ b! X x@b! tBlW Yll# Slz!H XNN sW kXnz!H kxt$ ydM xYnC xNN YrL lT nW

bt=M l@lC ydM YnC s! kXnz!H WS_ NW yxR x@C ydM YnT nW YH ydM YnT bxBCN Y yg" s!N b_qET sC Y Yg" YCL xR x@C ydM YnT lcWN sC xR x@C ztEV SNL yl@cWN dG xR x@C n@UtEB XNlN Slz!H xND sW ydM Ynt$ lMl@ b!N bt=M xR x@C ztEV kn h#lt$N xND Y bgT ydM Ynt$ ztEV tBl YglL bt"n!W xR x@C n@UtEV yn sW n@UtEV YL lT nW

ydM YnCN kwCN yMNwRcW ngC cW lMl@ xND LJ h#lt$M wlc$ x@ ztEV ydM YnT b!cW yL ydM YnT bq_ x@ ztEV l@W x@ n@UtEV b!N ywLT LJ ydM YnT kwc$ yxNdWN bmWsD x@ ztEV wYM x@ n@UtEB l!N YCL

yh#lt$ wlC yxR x@C ydM YnT mlT b}Ns# Y ySkTlW g#T xl

YHN h#n@ bh#lT kFlN yT XNClN xNdW XT xR x@C ztEV X xT xR x@C n@UtEV s!N nW bz!H h#n@ ytrgz }NS bwc$ yxR x@C ydM YnT mlyT MKN MNM xYnT g#T xYdRSbTM Slz!H bz!H h#n@ Y l# wlC MNM YnT SUT l!DRcW xYgM h#ltW XT xR x@C n@UtEV xT dG xR x@C ztEV yn XNdn nW bz!H h#n@ ytrgz }NSM b!N h#lT XDlC xl#T

YmjmW yXt$N ydM YnT wS xR x@C n@UtEV kn MNM xYnT g#T xYksTbTM h#ltW yxN ydM YnT wS xR x@C ztEV yn XNdn nW bz!H h#n@ Y l }NS kXt$ UR lW ydM YnT LnT MKNT kFt g#T Y l!wDQ YCL ngR GN y}Ns#N ydM YnT n@UtEV wYM ztEV mN kmwlD bT wQ kD Sln NM xR x@C n@UtEV XT lb@a xR x@C ztEV kn QRB yk!M KTTL DrG xlT

xN!T xR x@C n@UtEV XT yinsCW }NS xR x@C ztEV b!N MN xYnT h#n@ YksL

bXNdz!H xYnt$ h#n@ xR x@C ztEV ynW y}Ns# dM btlÆ MKNC wd X dM l!qqL YCL bz!HM MKN XT kX* ydM YnT UR tmY Ln sWnaM XNd! ngR l_rW yL* dM TUllC YHM h#n@ XT wd sWna lgW xR x@C ztEV yL* dM t"n! yn y}Ns#N qY ydM HT ygDL k@L (Antibodies) ktwsn g!z@ b` XNDm+ YdRUL YH k@L lrJM mT bsWna WS_ yY s!N wdT xR x@C ztEV yn dM kd UR bqqLbT g!z@ bF_nT bmGdL ksWna lgD glGL

bt=M k@l# (Antibodies) bXNG L bk#L xL wd }Ns# bmD xR x@C ztEV yn#TN qY ydM Hc$N bmGdL ldM nS tYzW lkst$ CGC UL-L xL xLM yk!M KTTL HKM Ltdrg }Ns#N XSkT dr l!dRsW YCL Slz!H bx+ XT X*N lmkkL zUcW k@L wd }Ns# bmD g#T Y l!_lW YCL lT nW

bxBW y}Ns# yXT dM yqqlW bM_ bwl!D kwl!D b` l#T _qET sC WS_ nW bt=M WR kHiN W XRGZ bXRGZ wQT kHiN dM mFsS XN!h#M y}Ns# bHiN WS_ Xl mT s!U_M yh#lt dM l!qqL YCL kY XNdtgliW xR x@C ztEV yn y}Ns# dM wdXT gB XT t"n!WN k@L XSkMmn+ ytwsn# g!z@T bwT y- l!wSD YCL Slz!H ymjmW LJ ym-" XDl# bM xnSt nW kh#lt XRGZ jM GN b}Ns# Y l!ksT yClW g#T Xy=mr YL Slz!H wdT yrgz#T }NC ydM YnT xR x@C ztEV kn# lg#T ytUl-# s!n# xR x@C n@UtEV ydM YnT lW }NS btrgz g!z@ dG lMNM CGR l!wsD YCL

ytwsn# xR x@C n@UtEV XC xR x@C ztEV ln ydM YnT t"n ynWN k@L mn YCl# bz!HM MKNT xR x@C ztEV yn }NS brGz#BT g!z@M MNM xYnT g#T b}Ns# Y YdRS YCL ngR GN Xnz!H XC yTc XNdn# SlYwQ NM xR x@C n@UtEV XT bXRGZ wQT KTTL MRm SfLUL

xR x@C n@UtEV XC yxR x@C ztEV t"n! ynWN k@L XNmRt$ mkkL YҧL

yQDm wl!D yXRGZ KTTL DrG kscW _QC WS_ xN ns -#R XC ydM yncW bMRm XN!wQ bDrG xR x@C n@UtEV ln#T mkk mR mS-T nW Slz!H h#l#M ns-#R XC bmjm XRGZcW wQT ydM YncW mwQ xlbT kXns#M WS_ ydM YncW xR x@C n@UtEV n@UtEV x@ n@UtEV b! n@UtEV wYM x@b! n@UtEV ynW ylcW ydM YnT XN!wQ YdrUL yLyW ydM YnT xR x@C n@UtEV kn l@ t= MRm wYM HKM xSfLGM ngR GN yLW ztEV kn bqYnT XtEt$ yxR x@C ztEV t"n! ynWN k@L MrT xlMra bB MRm XN!wQ YdrUL

YH yB MRm t"n!W k@L xlmmrt$N y wdTM XNYmrT ydRG mkk mR (Anti D) lXtEt$ YsȬL YHM mR ys-W bXRGZW 28 MNT 7 wR Y X kwl!D b` ys-W mR yL yxR x@C ydM YnT kwq b" s!N mRW ySfLgW ytwldW HN ydM YnT xR x@C ztEV kn B nW bt=M YH mkk mR WR s!R kHiN W+ XRGZ s!ksT bXRGZ wQT kHiN dM kfss XN!h#M }Ns# HiN WS_ Xl kt ms-T xlbT

bl@ mLk# bMRmW wQT XtEt$ yxR x@C ztEV dM t"n! k@L MrT mjm kwq ymkk mRW _QM SlYrW xYsTM bXNdz!H h#n@ Y l# XC yk!M yQRB KTTL HKM XytdrgcW }Ns# b!wlD dG yCLbT dr Y s!dRS t= g#T kmDrs# bT XN!wlD YdrUL bhgCN bxh#n# g!z@ yL YNM bxdg#T hgT b}Ns# Y ykstW ydM nS yk dr kdrs b!wlD yDGbT yXRGZ wT Y Ln bHiN WS_ XNl dM XN!s-W YdrUL

l-"lL bL bST mkL l!R bCL yxR x@C ydM YnT LnT ytn b}Ns# Y l!ksT yClWN g#T QDm wl!D MRm bDrG xSfg!M s!N ymkk mRWN bmWsD bkFt dr mqnS YҧL

***

ls@C

xbb tgR kx!G

abaeteshager@yahoo.com

m bm XRGZN mȶ mNgD ylW Fi#M ws!E GN#nT xlmfiM nW btrf #YH$ yXRGZ mkk mNgD Fi#M ytlT nW yL wYM bYNS rUg yt\s-W z ylM xN kl@W ytl tBl l!gl} yCLbT h#n@ GN xl kz!H W+ XNN ywl!D m- mNgD ys# yn d -N N YrL YH ynW GN ks# kwl!D m- zW kGlsb# yx-"qM SHtT UR tM nW

yXRGZ m- mNgC xNNc$ btf_ ytc s!N l@lc$ dG YNS ywlcW cW yXRGZ m- mNgCN zCN lm-qM mwsN mLN QDm _N"q& ySfLgW XNdn lCM mrCM YgLl#

. yxND sW -Q y-@ h#n@-

. yt"n! dC q$_R yws!E GN#nT m-N-

. LJ ymWlD FT MN HL LC XNdfLg# wQ

. y-qbT wYM l!-qbT yw\n#T yXRGZ m-

YzT yN -NCN wQ ywl!D m- zN lmw\N lm-qM ySFLg# n_C WS_ y-qs# cW YHN lmrT ! bQRB ygS y-@ lN kR tm+ XNdn lSwS HL XN-q$M kz!h# UR xNN yXRGZ m- mNgD lm-qM wSnW kjm b" LtST l@ mkR bk yST Y mRUT h#l@ y\bT mNgD tm+M xD nW lz!HM YmSL bR yXRGZ m- mNgC zC mzUjcW y\WnT mQR SRT y-@ yXD yxb! h#n@lMl@ y-@ tM mDn!T b@C bl@l#bT yg-R mNdR y s@C ltlÆ g#C wd kt s!gb# lST wT wYM kz! bY l g!z@ yglGL ywl!D m- z b!-q YmrL LJ ymflG lmflG ST ySwS Cl֬ wzt yXRGZ m- zCN mMr_ mwQ lcW QDm h#n@C cW q_l yqrb#T yXRGZ mkk zC mDn!C bBT y\cW cW lXRS yMR Wn@ YrT kn YmLkacW

pELS / Pills

YH ywl!D m- xYnT bWS-# ytlÆ xYnT N_R ngC l!bT wYNM xNd xYnT N_r ngR B lbT l!N YCL yN_r ngc$ xYnT / hormones/ STN / progestin / X xSTJN/ Ostrogen / Y\l# h#lt$N N_r ngC yzW _MR yXRGZ mkk XNKBL /combined oral contraceptive -COC/ l@W dG StEN B / Progestin only/ YƧl#

YH yXRGZ mkk bh#lT mNgD lt-"C yqrb nW xNdW k@T 21 XNKBlCN yz s!N l@W bM ytlmdW dG 28 XNKBL YYL YH yXRGZ mkk byqn# y_ s!N mDn!t$ XRGZN ykkLbT mNgD bWS-# l#T N_r ngC / hormones/ bdM xSnT bm\=T ys@a XNq$L kmrTbT }NS l!f-R wdCLbT t$ XNTZLQ kwND zR f> UR XNTgS GL

ymjmWN l 21 F k@T yMT-qM s@T ywR xb ktkstbT qN jM btkY ST MNT TwSLC btcl m-N t-" byqn# ymjmWN bwsdC btmY sT bST sT g!z@ WS_ mWsDN TmklC xND qT kw\dC b" sT qT :rFT bDrG kz!M b 29W qN XNdg x!S k@T TjMLC M l 28 XNKBL k@T yMTwSJ kn byqn# 21 n+ qlM çcWN XNKBlC kwsD> b" bqc$ qT dG yqTN sT b#¥ qlM çcWN XNKBlC Tq_l> Xnz!H t= XNKBlC bWScW lx_NT _N
yrN xYrN
Irion yt\ N_r ngR yz# cW YH ywl!D m- btlÆ MKNC k1;; t-" s@C WS_ bmT kxMST XSk SMNT ydRs# mDn!t$N yt-q s@C l!rGz# YCl# btrf xw\ qL y_ |N yYrB> HmM yl@lbT s!N & XRGZ s!flG dG mDn!t$N T bx+R g!z@ WS_ XRGZW l!ksT YCL

kYrs# UR y s@C l!-qbT YCl# kz!h# UR yS MT - y-#T xb! q$T - xNN KBdT m=mR - DM l! yCl# SC s!n# Bz# lg#T y\-# xYdl#M btrf X-C lC s@T pELS TwSD YmrL

bmR y\_ yXRGZ mkk / Injection /

bmR y\-# bWScW ytlÆ N-r ngCN yz# yXRGZ mkkC xl# N-r ngc$ yxBc$ XRGZ mkkC tmY cW xSTN xSTJNN wYM xNN btlY xSTJNN yz# l!n# YCl# bmR y\s-# yXRGZ mkkC - lxND lh#lT wYM lsT wT l!glGl# yCl# xYnT cW XRGZN ykkl#T bh#lT xYnT mNgD l!N YCL xN ys@a yzR XNq$L kmrTbT KFL wd HiN XNYdRS dRUL & wYM bt= ywND zR f> wd HiN XNYdRS sKL

bmR ys-W yXRGZ mkk btlY lST wT ys-W Bz# twJ YmSL MKNt$M xN mR wS ST wT lMNM B myT SlL YHN ywl!D m- t-"C ywR xb ;#dT l!cW wYM lrM wT l!qR YCL yS MT mR - yKBdT m=mR KStT - y-#T xb! QT b! xNG KStC lm_ y\-# xYdl#M lmjm g!z@ t-" kn# s@C btlY bmjm mT ydM f> l!cW YCL k15 mT bC l# s@C ws!B XN!f} XN!wL YmkRM & xTqLD XNTl# XNJ YHN ywl!D m- mR Yws YmkL YHN yMT-qM XT XHT mDn!t$N xq$ XRGZ BTfLG MLT z-S wT HL l!zgYT YCL

btrf ymkkL B"t$ m bm xSt kl#T WS_ ymdB s!N ktlÆ MKNC UR btyz bxmT k1;; t-"c$ WS_ St$ Ltflg XRGZ l!U_cW YCL kYrs# UR y s@C l!-qbT YCl#

bKND yqbR yXRGZ mkk / Implant /

xStnt$ 99 bm nW bxmT k1;; t-" s@C WS_ xN* 1.1% B XRGZ l!U_T s!CL xgLGlt$ XNd MR> lST wYM lxMST mT ydRS nW

bKND WS_ YqbL xSfg! s!N dG bl xnT KND Y ytqbrW yXRGz mkk bql# YwL bql# q _g¼

XNdl@lc$ h#l# bKND yqbT xND wYM h#lT yn# yXRGZ mkkC &ys@a yzR XNq$L XNYmrT t}: bDrG wYM ywND zR f> wd XNq$l# XNYdRS b\kL XRGZN Ykkl# kYrs# UR y s@C l!-qbT YCl# bqc$ Y MNT XwUlN

ESOG - Ethiopian Society of Obstetricians & Gynecologists- yx!T y}NS yHiN k!C HbR lT s!N@ YHN xMD kxDS xDvRYz!G UR bmtbR yqRBCh# DRJT nW ( ..q$_R 8731 SLK 011-5-50606869) MNT XNg"... _ g!z@

***

btf_ mNgD XRGZN mkkL L ;

አበበ ተሻገር ከESOG

XJG tm+ yn m bm xSt" MNM yN yN -NQ yl@lbT w ySw lh#l#M sW lTM zR YT D xb! YlY lh#l#M s@C l!N yCL RGZ btflgbT g!z@ ወዲያውኑ ለመፀነስ እንቅፋት የማይሆን xYnT yXRGZ mkk lmF-R የህክምና ሳይንስ ባለሙያዎች _T MRMR q_*L YH XSk!N ድረስ xh#N Sl#T የእርግዝና መከላከያዎች lfW MNT wG jMrN nbRyXRGZ mkkC XNd GlsvD y-@ h#n@ yGN#nT m-N yXRGZ mkkc$ yN -NC KStT l@lC h#n@C xNR MRW kxN ወደl@W l!lY YCL kz!H xNR M lMR GNb@ Yr kn y_qEc$N yXRGZ mkk zC h#n@ XNmLkT

l# IUCD/

YH yXRGZ m- bBT xgLGlT ys_ XNdn Yw"L xStSnt$ l@lC k-qbT mgl bY nW bmT k-Q l# t-" s@C WS_ MLT xN* XRGZ l!ksTT YCL wYM xNDM XRGZ U_M YCL lz!HM YmSL እጅግ xStS kkl#T ylkkkkymdB nW XNd k@n! l# hgT yl# XRGZ mkkነት xgLGl bM s XNdn mr xGSllh#

l# bs@C BLT ውስጥ በመግባትና yHiNN bR bmZUT XRGZN mkkL ySCL z nW y "p" QR} lW l# kpR wYM kߧStEK y\ XRGZN ywND zR > ys@a XNq$L tgSt[ttW XRGZ XNYf-R GL yXRGZ mkkW በጤ lC y-Q s!N t-" byg!z@W bW mn#N rUg_ ያስፈልጋል

l# xStS W-@ kmn#M bY XRGZ s!flG l## XN!w በማድረግ kYrs# UR y wgCN M RgZ YҧL byTWM XD yg# s@C l!-qbT YCl# l# XSk 12 mT HL g!z@ l!glGL YCL

m_qS ygN l@W yl# g} XNdl@lc$ yXRGZ mkkC mDn!C h#l# yN -Nc$N nW

lmjm g!z@ t-" bnC s@T Y lmjmc$ ST wT ywgB HmM YL bwR xb wQT rzM l ydM > l!R YCL N wd BLT bmK l#p$ bW mn#N byg!z@W rUg_ ያስፈልጋል። YH MT l!n YCL bDNgT l#p$ kW mLqQ B YN l!w h#l# YCL XNdwqW xBc$ wYM h#l#M yXRGZ mkk x@C. xY . v!N M yxƧzR b>CN xYkkl#M ytlmd gl nW

 

xr Kn!N / spermicides /

bLMD xrͥ Kn!N bL ywqW YH XRGZ mkk ys@T BLT WS_ yqm_ XNKBL nW bXRGZ mkkW XNKBL WS_ lW N_r ngR / chemical / ywND zR f> bW bBLT HiN WS_ s!dRS ySrgZ xQN YsLbL wd s@a yzR XNq$L XNYdRS sKL

xrͥ Kn!N spermicides / ws!E GN#nT kmfi xMST x|R dqE" bT XRGZ XN!ksTT yTfLG s@T n!n#N BLa WS_ Sqm_ Y-bQTL YH yXRGZ mkk ws!E GN#nT lmfiM s!sB B y-qbT bmn# x-"qM BLT WS_ Sqm_ B bmn# qL kl#T WS_ YmdL

kz!H l@ byTWM XD KLL WS_ l# s@C X-b# l# XC l!-qbT mላቸው l@W የክኒኑ mLM nW

xrͥ Kn!N yMT-qM s@T XNKBl#N BLa WS_ SgC jM b!N lSDST sT m-B xYRTM btrf kxrͥ Kn!N UR btz y-qs# yN -NC wYM MT yns# g#ĆC l# ምሳሌ ክኒኑ bBLT xb! XR_bT ሊያበዛ ይችላል h#l@ kws!E GN#nT bT Kn!n#N BLT WS_ Sqm_ l!dBR YCL ክኒኑ xNN bxNND sC Y xlRJK ሊፈጥር YCL

!FM Diaphragm /

yHiN bR mZg! l!L YCL 84 bm xStS XNdn bHKM YNS YwlL !FM QRi# KB nK kߧStEK ys yXRGZ mkk nW XNd xrͥ Kn!N h#l# kws!E GN#T bT bql# t-" BLa WS_ b_lQ yHiN bRN mZUT Y-bQƬL M !FM ytly m-N lW bmn# yt-"CN LK lwQ ymjmWN y_T | ykWn#T y-@ lC cW kz! b" t-" * LdrgW TClC !FM yT-qM s@T ws!B kfimC b" b!NS kSDST XSk SMNT sT lbT myT ይኖርበታል kz!M bWT -B Y-Y"L !FM qlN mlw_ kjmr bxNC MKNT ym\N-Q xdU kdrsbT t-" Kl!n!K bmD XNdG l@ mqyR xlT ከዚህ XRGZ mkK ጋር btlY kY y-qSnWN xrͥ Kn!NN / spermicides/ bt=nT m-qM xStSnt$N bM kF dRgL

btrf h#l@ ws!E Gንኙነት bT SwS bTKKL yHiNN bR mZUt$N rUg_ Y-Y"L የተጠቃሚዎቹ XJ Ni#H Ln lx!NK>N / infection / l!Ul-# YCl# kYrs# UR l s@C ግን _ yXRGZ mkk xYdlM

 

ywR xb ;#dTN bm-bQ XRGZN mkkL/ calendar or Rhythm method /

bR wC y-qbT mNgD nW z#C yqN x-N Yrs#L wYM ywR xb ;#dT bmt$ MKNT ቆጠራው ላይ SHtT Yf-L የዚህን yXRGZ mkk mNgD bTN# lBT XNKR

s@C XNd yxb!cW ysWnT mQcW yXD yxR h#n@cW ywR xb ;#dT btly yg!z@ m-N YksTcL yxNNC mdb bn mNgD yksT s!N yl@lC MLTM yxBc$ dG qn# YcL bmn#M ̸ yn ywR xb ;#dT g!z@N lmrT yqN mq$- /calendar / bmZ b!NS lSDST wT zWN Y-q mktL SfLUL bz!H g!z@ ywR xb ;#dT b̸nT ymbT g!z@ tmY kn zWN lm-qM qL YL M xN b21 qT bl@ g!z@ b28 wYM b25 Xl yzbrQ kn YHN yXRGZ mkk mNgD m-qM lXRGZ l!UL_ YCL bmn#M ywR xb ;#dT yzbrQcW s@C bz!H z Y XMnT dR ylcWM

ywR xb ;#dT KStT b̸nT byw btmY g!z@ የሚከሰትባቸው s@C GN yTW g!z@ lXRGZ l!UL_ yTW dG XRGZ YksTbT XNdCL bmgNzB l!-qbT YCl# Sl g!z@W x-R XWU h#l@ ywR xb km kz-nW XSk 19W qN DrS (l1; qT lT nW) XRGZ l!ksTbT yCL g!z@ bmn# XRGZN yYfLg# s@C bz!H g!z@ GN#nT DrG ylcWM wYM l@ mkk m-qM xlcW kz!H W+ l#T qT lTM ywR xb km k19W qN jM qጣዩ ywR xb XSk!ksT ywR xb mMT kjmrbT qN XSk z-nW qN DrS GN#nT b!drG XRGZ xYksTM xh#NM bDU YH SLT ywR xb ;#dT byw btmY qN yksT kn nW ywR xb ;#dT y kn GN XRGZ YfLg# l!ksT YCL yz!H ywR xb ;#dTN bmktL XRZN ymkkL z xStSnt$ (kmt$ UR btz YmSL) ZQt nW

b_Ql# x-R x-R xDRgN btlY hgCN WS_ l#TN bBT xgLGlT ysTN yRGZ mkkC nW lmmLkT ykRnW

SlDNgt yXRGZ mkk ywND zR f>N ks@a BLT W+ yFsS z/ with drawal/ ስለNM ywND zR mtl t$N ስለማገድ ዘዴ / vasectomy / b\W bt_L kz!H bT tmLKtL Sl s@C NM lT ygN ngR GN YR xYqRM። ለሣምንት ቀጠሮ እንያዝ።

ESOG - Ethiopian Society of Obstetricians & Gynecologists- yx!T y}NS yHiN k!C HbR lT s!N@ YHN xMD kxDS xDvRYz!G UR bmtbR yqRBCh# DRJT nW (..q$_R 8731 SLK 011-5-50606869) MNT XNg"... _ g!z@

***

ys@C NM

xbb tgR k - ESOG

XRGZN x@C xY v!N =M l@lC yxlzR b>CN ymkkL Bqt$ 85 bm YdrL tBl ygmtW ys@C NM bxdg#T hgTM +MR Tk#rT ytnfgW Bz# SR+TM yl@lW nW ys@C NM kxN YLQ bdb#B xፍሪ U z!MB& bl- SR+T tl LMD እየተሰራበት ይገኛል።

ys@C NM bh#lt$M C Y qlbT YrL xNደኛው ቀለበት XNdwNC NM h#l# kx Y s!N l@W kWS_ bk#L m=r Y yg nW ymjmW ቀለበት ከሴቷ BLT W+ yqR s!N bws!E GN#nT g!z@ ywND BLTN bmMT bTKKL ws!B XN!fiM yGZ nW l@W F Y lW yPStEK qlbT dG s@a NN መጠቀም kflgC (ከግንኙነት በፊት SMNT sT HL qD) bM-LQbT g!z@ ba qlbN bmN l_lQ yr nW (TN> WSBSB kmn# xNR ws!E GN#nTN kST mbB xW_ yx@l@KTK _g S SmSlL በማለት የሚተቹ ወገኖች አልታጡም).. GN MN YdrG Bz# ngR tk\t STN qB _N"q& DrG GD n . zmn# YH XN!N xSgdd

ys@C NMN btmlkt l#T _ yl# g}C bQD ls@a mBT ytl XDL y\_ mn# nW Bz# g!z@ btlY s@t xĶC kbR wNC UR Ywl# dNbcW ytly iY LMD YcL Bz#c$ bxLL m-_ YnFl# bz!H bl@lC MKNC ytn s@c$N l NM mtT YfLUl# xNNc$ s@t xĶC f"d xYn#M l@lc$ g#LbT gNzB YrcW ywNc$N f"D Yf}l# lz!H h#l# ! ys@C NM y\-W mFT YL s@a NdN xSqD b_lQ *NM l@WNM kxdU lmdG YrĬL yC NdN ከግንኙነት በፊት SMNT sT HL qD _lQ kml# UR l@ xF g}M Y-qL XNdwqW ywNC NM y-lqW BLT km b" nW bmn#M Bz#C STN WL bL km-qM YzUl# ys@C NMN GN b!fLg# kxND sT n\ kz! bT qD _lQ SlL STN yWK mkk tdR Yw\L l@W ytl g}W bxNɉEnT lxlR!K yUL_ mn# nW ys@C NM ytly qZ" wYM "T xYmcWM xYLM yTWNM yxyR iY tq$ myT YCL

ys@T NMN xN kt-q b` bDU lm-qM SlmL wYM xlmL ytlÆ xStyC btlÆ DRJC YqR bxNND hgT (btlY Ƨdg#T) x_ l@ t= l!l\LS yCL QT bm-qM bDU lws!E GN#nT zUjT XNĸL Y-L l@lC hgT dG XN!WM ys@CN NM bDU m-qMN YklKl# mW ላይ ደግሞ lxND g!z@ B bLM \MbL YHN g#Y btmlkt `nT lbT xlM xqF y-@ DRJT (WHO) MN xl Ch# MNM q$R_ l mm ylWM bDU t-qM l xbrM xT-q yL mmM ylውም M NMN bkfL | lt\ DRJT `C bkW mm (guidelines) Y SR+t$ bqE LnbT yN U WD bncW bxNND yg-R mNdC DU m-qMN XN!Sb#bT Y-q$L kz!H xNR ! bDU xlm-qMN XNd qĸ mm mW\D ytl XNdn xQRt$ bl@lbT ywNC NMN mtT XNdSfLG ySb# l@lC `nT xlBN yl# xT ይስማማሉ

lMNDN nW ys@C NM xQRT yt-"C q$_R XJG xnSt ynW ll# _q&C ytlÆ xStyCN XN bmjm ys@C NM y\W bxNɄ WD kn l!tEN (Polyurethane) kt\ PStEK nW kz!HM bY yNd m-N TLQ (17 .) RZmT lW bmn# Bz# t&L Y=RL bz!H MKNT UW YwdL l@W kx-"qM UR ytz nW s@a NdN -lqC b` yNd yYW F qlbT kBLa bR Y YL N dG yT yYfLg# \CM Yl# kz!H l@ bqE yn QT kl@lW bGN#nT g!z@ DM} Yf_L ደግሞ yrBcW mST yYfLg# ይኖራሉ። እናም YHN ys@C NM xY-qM btrf kLMD nS ytn ys@C NMN _lQ WT yScGcW s@C YHN mkk km-qM l!zg# YCl#

M h#l@ yM\MRbT g#Y h#lT ngCN wdR wYM \BN nW bx-"Y NMN lMN m-qM xSflg s!L g# kHYwT UR bmz# nW bXJg# x+R ln b_qET dqE"C l!bRD lCL ST ykflW U tm" nW l SN m-yQ kz!H xNR yxSfnt$N U mmzN YҧL

x-"qN btmlkt XWU XNlY ys@C NMN kk@t$ lWT |lT m-qM xSfLGM bql# N bT mQdD NN WT YҧL q$+ Bl> wYM bjR> t"t> xND XGR>N kF DrG x Y lCWN qlbT bT> Yz> kWS_ lCWN qlbT bl@ T> bmGT wd BLT> WS_ _lQ ሳይታጠፍ bq_ mN xrUu bmL T> (rM bmn#) Nd WS_ lCWN qlbT bmN bdNB wd WS_ mGt$N yT TCl> kBLT bR Y l@W qlbT (bgmD xN y\r N xYnT mSl) YqL

Nd y\# QT SlW YHN SdRg! ws!B lmfiM xScGRM bDU x_b> yMT-q kn GN NdN GN#nt$N yl\LS t= QT SfLGL t= _q& l lmjm g!z@ t-" kN> bx> y-@ l XNdMK tS dRUlN

ESOG - Ethiopian Society of Obstetricians & Gynecologists- yx!T y}NS yHiN k!C HbR lT s!N@ YHN xMD kxDS xDvRYz!G UR bmtbR yqRBCh# DRJT nW (..q$_R 8731 SLK 011-5-50606869) MNT XNg"... _ g!z@

***

yl@lCN XRĬ Yl#

xbb tgR kx!G

abaeteshager@yahoo.com

.. bRG-"nT ywqW አንድ ነገር ytlÆ :} (drug) t-"C የተለያዩ ዓይነት ችግሮች በአጭርና በረዥም ጊዜ ሊያጋጥማቸው እንደሚችል B nW btrf xND \W MN xYnT CGR l!k\TbT YCL llW ጥያቄ l:i# XNlW LMD XD xE xXMxE h#n@ l!w\N YCL bx+R g!z@ yk\t$ CGC xN \W :i#N (durg) mW\D bjmr _qET qT WS_ የሚከሰቱ ናቸው brM g!z@ የሚከሰቱት ደግሞ (lMl@ yxNL yN mT) bdT :}N btdUU kmw\D ym-# cW

qL kl# :C UR XN*N btg xNND KStCN XN-q$M b!L ySwS xQM m\lB Tk#rT m xlmL xQM ት፣ ngCN bxGB b_LqT l\B mkT lCGC mFT mNDF xlmL Y-ql# Xz!H CGC bdT አዕምሮ cWNM g#C bSRT \B mfiM እንዳይችል ከማድረግ ባሻገር E xlmNN SkTl# MKNìE (reasonable) kmN YLQ SE (emotional) ymN s Bz# xUȸ Yf-L

kF l y:} m-N çcWN ዕፆች በተጠቃሚዎች Y lg!z@W ymn""T -N ymM\L bS ymtmN xYnT ST çBl# yz!H dT xSknT l@ xlM WS_ bmNkR wd xXM b> SN wdmT YmL m-n# kb dG wd T kF l y:} m-N cWN ዕፆች bws \C Y z ylT \M yGT ymdsT ST l! YCL M ySc$ m\rT yY=b-# yYዳሰሱ cW yz!H YnT :} t-"C Y kg!z@ ወደ g!z@ የትኩረት mT qD xlmL ymNfS መዛልና Gl\b# bXNQLF bmN"T mhL l ST WS_ mT ችግር YYbL btrf የምግብ አለመስማማትና ማስመለስ y\WnT B m=mR የላቡም -rN mqyR yD HmM bt" Yl# y:i# m-N kF l kn dG lrM T mtT SN m-R xlmL ችግሩም ሲሰፋ T l!ktL YCL xNN dG xYN yT wdYCLbT dr YdrL

አደንዛዥ ዕፆችን tdUU የሚጠቀም Gl\B btlÆ `nC TMHRTN | Y Bq$ twĶ lmgT CGR bqĸnT YStLበታል yb@t\BM ሆነ HbE CGሮች ካሉበትም ymFT xQM ያጣል። እንደዚህ ያሉ የዕፅ ተጠቃሚ ግለሰቦች lwNjL xdU ytUl-# መሆናቸውን መረጃዎች ይጠቁማሉ።

k_Ql# B ወጣ ብለን y:}N t}: wd xND xQ bmMT TN> XWU xLL :} (cocain) ytlÆ DCN (drugs) yMT-qM nF -#R XT የምትጠቀመው ዕፅ wd }N\# bmDrS የሚያስከትለውን CGR mKt$L btlY b}N xXM Y ydR\#T CGC dG zqE yYfw\# cW የፅንሡን yxXM XDgT zgMt ከማድረግ ባሻገር ወደፊት ሊኖረው የሚችለውን y\B xQ XJG d dRጉታል

lM XT yxLL m-CN yMTR kn b}Ns# WS_ Xytf- l#T yxXM HT (cells) Y t}: bdR wdT L l!rW yClWN yxSt\B xDS XDgT bM ZQt dRUL bwlDbT g!z@ ZQt KBdT YrL x-"Y y\WnT XDg zgMt YL yt$ g} (QR}) Y CGR YL ygzB Xq (bL ymN) ብቃቱ ይዳከማል

l@W የምንመለከተው y:} (nicotine) zR U nW በዓለማችን ላይ ሲጋራ የሚያጨሱ ሴቶች ቁጥር እየተበራከተ መምጣቱን ጥናቶች ይጠቁማሉ። የሲጋራ ጠንቀኝነት እጅግ ሰፊ ቢሆንም s!U yM=\W nF\ -#R XT knC mjmWn#M ƬrGZ YL ይላሉ የጤና ባለሙያዎች። በሲጋራ ውስጥ lW y:} ZR }N\#N lbT h#n@ xdU WS_ bm=mR wdT l!rW yClWN TMHRT mqbL m\L-N ySClWN yxXM KFL YL YWM }NS twL xD xND xYnT yb" \W XNYN yH CGR እንዲደርስበትም ያደርጋል ሲጋራ

የሲጋራ ጠንቀኝነት }N\# bHiN WS_ XNl kdR\W CGR ƚgR ktwldM b bXT -#T wtT x"nT YktL YHM bt= qdM s!L yt-q\#TN CGC ybl- XƜcW YL

XT XNd k@YN ያሉ ዕፆችን የምትጠቀም ከሆነችስ? xh#NM kFtWN S"Y yUf-W yxNL KFL nW kz!C XT ywlD LJ ymjmW CG ወደፊት በሚኖረው ህይወቱ ySwS xQM t$ nW g bXt$ HiN WS_ Xl YH yxXM KFL _"T YdRSbL ymgR ym ymdm_ Tk#rT yGT XDL xYrWM MKNt$M YHN SLT (skills) ykWnW yxXM KFL b wYM k@YN tbR*L L ymgR Cl T B YN ym_ xQM xYrWM btrf s!U XNdMTSB XT h#l# wYM k@YN yMTwSD X L* yH CGR b!RT (ባት) MKNt$ * m yr xYNM YH XNG!H }Ns# ytmdblTN z-" wT =R mwlD kl nW bxm# y}NS መቋረጥ፣ g!z@W YdR ymwlD l ymT XDL U_L

Bz# g!z@ xLL የዕፅ t-"C DRg!t$N RGF xDRgW mtW xYCl#M "L Yg "l# YfR y\#\# GT YL nW tlÆ \Cን ምክር በትኩረት yM-# YmSl# ምክሩ ጠንከርና በሰል ያለ ከሆነ TN>M l!g\# YCl# M Bz# xYM k` yw\W\W `YL y-l- BRt$ nW

አቆማለሁ (አቁሜአለሁ) በማለት ሊMl# l!gzt$ YCl# ግን YH yYmN nW bdM WS_ ytdW mRZ h#l#NM XN!r\# dRUL TLq$ g#Y ችግራቸውን የሚረዳና የሚያግዛቸው ወገን YfLUl# KTTL XgN Yl# እናም wd l DrS tkY HKM E MKR XN!g# SL BcW mFT YmSL

ESOG - Ethiopian Society of Obstetricians & Gynecologists- yx!T y}NS yHiN k!C HbR lT s!N@ YHN xMD kxDS xDvRYz!G UR bmtbR yqRBCh# DRJT nW (..q$_R 8731 SLK 011-5-50606869) MNT XNg"... _ g!z@

***

yHBrtsb# GNb@ xDL nW lW ;

xbb tgR kx!G/E SOG/

xND \W XNtw"lN Fi#M xSW Bz#C YHN SM ! Y \MCh#T YL dG i#h#N l!SnBbN nW wd g-R zL nbR bz! XNds# x!S xb twLdW dg# \C Bz# ydNq$ KStC YStl# btlY Tk#rT ÚL lWN g#Y GN } xqBl־L Y,W # አምዱን lQq&llh# $

* * * *

yhgR xDR yhgR s!Y YlL hgW yYN wNZ btlÆ xUȸC yHRR ktN yrg-# h#l# yxYN xDRnTM s!YnTNM l!mlkt$ YCl# yHRR kt mW Y lW yxY DLDY q$Lq$L wd wNz# R s!zLq$ bxY wNZ ymk! X_bT SN ykWn# wCN Ygl# wc$ yxYN s!YnT xMnW bHbR tdJtW ymk! X_bT SN bST ykWn# cW knz!H wC _qET ZQ Bl dG YN XNdxMK ylmn# wgCN XglN Xnz!Hc$ YN xDƉCN l# cW XNdyQcW sNUM ' bGM' M Xr የወንዙን "አምላክ" Ylmn#L Xn@ b| xUȸ Y R bdrSk#S :lT U-mS w-M gb lW wg@ _ YnL

dlS YƧL xR YN l!lmN kdb#B NdR g wr ymW kST qT bY bXG tg# nW xQ yfqTN ጫጩት የምታክል ዶሮ ወንዙ ላይ አርዶ፣ አረቄ ደፍቶ የአባዩ "አምላክ" n#WN XN!drW YlmnL "WN SRD MN xLK ;" xLk#T "!gZ XGzS nW Lk#T" xlS "b!gZ" yY "xMK" mn# nW bgb xQ kxR BR bY xW_ g#Lbt$ bXGR g# ፈጅቷል። dlS ለሀገሬው LE DRg!ቶች xN CN ሆነ እን bmT WS_ bR !H dlC YHNግብር Yf}l# tBlL

kqT b" XW dlS hgR ደቡብ NdR g wrዳ፣ QDST yMTL g-R qb Sg HIV/AIDS z# kHBrtsb# UR wU tmY ! LE DRg!C HBrtsb#N XyT XNdn trh# bXJg# xb! YmSL Bz#c$ DRg!C DHnT yGNb@ nS ywlcW cW hgW XG ytWN l@ lWT mR q$LF xlM XK YL yhg yLMD xC ymNdR hk!C bxND M+ mR bR sCN glGl# bR Xq$CN RM M DrS lhgW ySkBR wG nW Ht$ XNdtwl XN_cW Ltr- w! XNdt$ nW hgW yMnW XN_L c$ wYM GG n"c$ dG |cWN lmkwN yglgl#bT SlT kxND wYM kh#lT xYbL_M yXnz!H ጎጂ xmlkC LE DRg!C DMR W-@T hgW ለኤች.አይ.ቪ ቫይረስ ymUl_ xUȸ bBz# X_F xNL CG በጠቀስኩት የፎገራ ወረዳ ብቻ ሳይሆን በአማራ ክልል ብዙዎቹ ወረዳዎችና yg-R qbl@C yirQ mn#N tzW tmLKlh#

kx KLL W bl@lC yhgCN KLlC ytzw wc&M tmY xUȸCN XNStl# xWGtWL

b}h#F ysf mrCN gB_ dG XN!H yL ngR xgh# Xz!H bhgCN x!T :DcW k15 mT bC kn# kYrs# UR kT k96.;;; bY HT mkL 46. ;;; Hl# bkt KLL y s!n# xBWN q$_R yz#T 5;.;;; yn#T HT በሚገኙት በገጠራማ የሀገራችን አካባቢዎች ነው። ይህ አሀዝ በህፃናት ብቻ YN bl@lC y:D KLlCM tmY nW kYrs# UR kT x!TWN mkL xBWN q$_R yYz#T bg- yx!Tג# xC yT cW

X. x@. x b2;;3 .M. ytsbsb# mrC XNd-q$T k 1.475.;;; bY kn#T Yrs# bdcW ktgcW sC mkL xBWN q$_R yz#T k751. ;;; bY yn#T bg- xb!C y ኢትዮጵያውያን ናቸው። ይህ መረጃ ታዲያ የገጠሩን ማሀበረሰብ GNb@ bR xQMN LbT XNdÚ _ YmSL

# ngN lmR .. $ xl# ytbT mNGST i xN bxND wQT # ngN lmR kwM yzll# q$MngCN mkwN ÚL ySk@T g#*CNN mjmR lBN dG nW xh#N $ bXRG_ም ኮፊ አናን እንዳሉት እራሳችንን ብሎም ሌሎች ወገኖቻችንን ለመታደግ xh#N mnT xlBN btlYM b HIV/AIDS z# s GNb@ yl@lW yg- HbrsB GNb@ውን yBRlT wgN YL M GG SnQL XN_L S*_L M W> wYM Xq$T L & M bxND SlT wYM mR bRCN glGL M mR q$LF M+ Xyts jl@ YnQL M - xrq& tN+ lNM ks@t xĶ YtL kM xL yx@DS HѥNN YgL gL lz!H xND N kW kg- HbrsB

b| xUȸ Hbrsb#N Xwyh# nW bsf yf ytkb xND xWNT xStyT xlS xl# :Dl#N xg# "yx@DSN SR+T lmGT" xl# xWNt$ "ቫYrs# lcWN sC ብልት ማልፈስፈስ።" yxWNt$ xStyT ymBrQN KL xSdNU+ nbR xBc$N yHbrsb# xƧT yxWNt$ xStyT yXn@N KL xSdngcWM XNdWM "ብልት ማልፈስፈስ" lwNc$ nW ls@c$S;$ s!l# t= ጥያቄ ያከሉም ተወያይ nb YH yHbrsb# xStyT b HIV/ AIDS z# çcWN yGNb@ dr yY kmn# ƚgR lwdt$ g Bz# yGb@ S=b SC XNdSfLg# yY nW bngCN Y kYrs# UR k 1.457.;;; bY x!TWN mkL TLq$N q$_R yz#T 528.;;; yn#T yT bx B/@E KLL nW b 33;.;;; XN!h#M bx!S xb 241.;;; HZB k HIV UR YL mrW y2;;3 .M. mn#N xSW@ LsnbT cR YG-mN

ESOG - Ethiopian Society of Obstetricians & Gynecologists- yx!T y}NS yHiN k!C HbR lT s!N@ YHN xMD kxDS xDvRYz!G UR bmtbR yqRBCh# DRJT nW (..q$_R 8731 SLK 011-5-50606869) MNT XNg"... _ g!z@

***

#kx@C.xY.v! KTT bxsRT xmT XNdQN nN $

xbb tgR kx!G

abaeteshager @Yahoo.com

. . .Bz!ET nC XD 35 !YnR GlL v!l@J tBl bN 16W xlM xqF yx@DS g#ƛ@ btdbT xĉ> WS_ xND _G Y xND T:YNT zRGlC x|R ldRs# q$mcW 1 TR k6; . bY lN ysW QR} lCW xNg#l@C TNNc$N NC bmg-M LBC xzUJ x}cLC Nc$ ytly qlM lcW s!n# xh#N _QM Y l# gb WS_ yg# cW TNNc$N NC xNN kl@W UR bmdrB LK /bTNN> Q-lC LBS XNdmST xSb#T/ ytȧcW ys@T LBCN xzUJlC Bz!Ea IJYnR zUcW 15; LBC WS_ x|N lTRx!T wd g#x@W Y zL"lC Xnz!HN x|R LBC lzUjT 245 sT y-"T s!N 3, 96; NCN t-qlC

# NMN lsW LJ xSfg! XndnW LBS LSbW LNlBsW YgL $ TlC !Yn yLBc$ !YN Nc$ ytg-bT h#n@ bXJg# ygRM nW

T:YNT h#lT

... GlL vl@J xlMN bwklW mNdR WS_ k T:YNC xND mzN x!TWNN xg#h# y Y twCN l@ mzN Y dG yxT "l HYwT b@tKRStENN Lx#N Xnz!H h#lT DRJC blM xq yx@DS g#x@ N TRg#M knbcW bxlM z# l# 5;; DRJC WS_ t-QsL x@C. xY. v! x@DS UR btyz btlY kCW yHBrtsB KFL UR l\ ytlÆ DRJC yx!NtR¹L x@DS YtE / IAS/ D N yts LT xzUJ nbR

bmjmW z#R k5;; DRJC 25 tmr-# bmKfW qN kF l Ws@ tdrgcW kXnz!H WS_ h#lt$M Y yx!T "l HYwT b@tKRStEN Yg#bL bm=r >Lt$ lxMST DRJC B ys_ nbR Xz! Y mDrS xLl#M M YN GN k5;; WS_ tmR-W 25t$ WS_ mtcW TLQ TRg#M yts-W nbR

T:YNT T

... x@DS bwHn! b@T / AIDS in Prison / yL xlMN bwklW yxĉ> WS_ mNdR xND _G Y tmlktk# Sl |cW wQ flk# t-Uh# h#lT s@CN/msl#/ xgh# xNd Sl DRJt$ s B \-CS XXXSR b@T WS_ lg# XSrC x@C. xY.v! UR btz MN xYnT _N"q& DrG XNLcW ytlÆ xgLGlCN Y\l# mR-needls bX|R b@T WS_ mS ytlmd nW

l@W XNdMWq$T bX|R b@T WS_ s@C wNC ysT lyB nW Slz!H Xz! WS_ lW GN#T GBrM/ gays/ mn# nW Slz!H Sl X|R b@T x@C.xY. v! gR*cW s@C ym\l#S h#lT sC bm=r wNC XNdn# trDlh#GN HcWM xcWM h#l# bYNS DUF tlW*L bngCN Y bz!H g#x@ Y cWN yqy GBrWN /gays/ bxĉ# WS_ Xyt** cWN StW"l# Sl mBcW Ykkl# _CN qRl#' WYYC drUl# btlY kwND wd s@T ytqyT -#T ig#R çcW' l!pEStEK ytqb# 'y g@_ drg# 'QNDcWN yt\ bx-"Y s@T yn# wNC cW

b16W lM xqF g#x@ h#l#M yys#N xStyT' _T MRMR' GT W-@T' | STt&J' btly xĉC bdrg# WYYC Y qrL yxF xC /African grandmothers/ l@ Tk#rT yb g#Y nbR yxF s@T xC kXRJ mN kDHnT k-@ CGcW bY jRcW Y l@ fR XywdqcW nW yLJ LcWN yG `nT # bwG b:rG $ LcWN YDl# lTC mhkL bf-R xlmtmN xn * lx@C. xY. v!. lgL_ KStT YrUL h#lt$M tYzW LcWN bTnW Yl# yHT LcW m-g! dG btlY s@T xC Yl# yÜSbW g#Y Lc$ XNT DUl#? ywdT NncW XNT YgN? y|nL W XNT Yf? yl#T _q&C bXJg# xb! nL

bN btdW xlM xqF yx@DS g#x@ Bz#C sF BlW y-Bq$T Tk#rT y\-#T g#Y KTTN ytmlt nW R pEtR pyT ytl# xND Q tm KTTN btmlkt lT xsRT xmT _C YLQ lT ST xT xmT ytl# xbrC cW$ Yl# l@W M RNS /Pam Barnes/ ytl# tU dG wd KTt$ lmDrS l@lC x\RT xmTN XNdQN nN s HL _C btlÆ tm YNtESC tdrg# W-@c MNM ywldW ngR ylM BlLB yRS/ Bob mayors/ ytl# btlY kUz@-C UR y| xND XJG TLQ DRJT YKtR bcW bL bxmR Bq$* t}: bdR ywq$* b5;c$ xY XD Y ydrs# \W dG %r ƵCh# Y yB Rѧ XzUN nW bXN yZcWN ymkk ym- mNgC tGƉE lDrG XNs BlL

bxh#n# sT ir x@C .xY .v! . mDn!T xl lrS ytkrW g XJG bM g l_qEC nW 1.5 l!N \C cW mDn!t$N g#T WM btlÆ yrDx@T DRJC DU bn yGT XDL g_cW bxlM z# kYrs# UR XNd ygmtW GN 39 l!N \C cW XRĬW b!MS lz!H msT xlBN xh#N YK b!YDS wd XCN Xyg nW YHN xF_ tGR Y L y\CN HYwT mdG SfLgL yl# tC t\MtL l@lC dG Bz# sC mDn!t$N b!g#M l MGB mDn!t$N mWsD xYCl#M Slz!H yMGB xQRT / nutrition /l@W l!\bT yg g#Y nW yl# yz!h# UR ys lC ,TM xl

#%r HE mDn!T Tk#rT Y\-W$ yl# kxF ytg# yHE mDn!T lC dG bGlL v!l@J ,cWN t\SbW sl# xlbcW g#Rg#R kb ǧ DM} y\ XGR XJ Y ydrg# g@g@CN N-l-l# wT s@C wNC bXD - l# >Gl@CN xjbW ycWN WZz@ Z SBkT X\ bĸW mhL Y**l#

xb!Y Tk#rT lHE mDn!T Ys_ ... yz!H CGR mFT X zND nWYl# Xns#M bbk#cW B h#l#M byW xl ybL ylWN Y maL/XWnT YN? /

16W lM xqF yx@DS g#x@ b s yMRMR _T wrqC yqrb#bT ytlÆ yLMD LWWC ytdrg#bT mNGSE mNGSE Ln# DRJC ytmr-# |cWN ÜbT mr bsW ytlqqbT 26! \C bxND mNdR bKL xĉ> ytg#bT nbR Y YHN l@lCN g#C y" nbR

ESOG - Ethiopian Society of Obstetricians & Gynecologists- yx!T y}NS yHiN k!C HbR lT s!N@ YHN xMD kxDS xDvRYz!G UR bmtbR yqRBCh# DRJT nW (Sflg ..q$_R 8731 SLK 011-5-50606869) MNT XNg"... _ g!z@

***

WYYT

xHg#R xqF ySn Sn tL -@ l!s!

xbb tgR kx!G

yDHnT Ml@ xF& yHZB q$_R qB CGR bxF & RnT ymLM xStdR CGR bxF& yb> BT bxF yi& T bxF yb &SdT FLsT yxFWN X fn YmSL

bQRb# yxF HBrT b|n |n tL -@ g#C Y wW yHBrt$N xL hgTN ymlkT wYM xHg#R xqF l!L yCL l!s! Y btbT mNGST DRJT msBsb! xĉ> WYYT tdR nbR

bxF yXC yHT T xN xb! g} nW bxNND hgT lMl@ XNd Y˶ x!T l# yHT T m-N bkFt h#n@ tmZG*L

bx-"Y bxF kwl!D UR btyz B btw\n g!z@ 1;;,000 HT l!wl b!Cl# kXnz!H WS_ 4;; ydRs#T Yl# YH xY q$_R s!N bxNND yxF hgT GN kwl 1;;,;;; HT WS_ 9;; Hl# Yl# bRG_ bmnW ywl!D m-N kFt XNdn b!wQM yXRGZW m=r GN T XN!N b+> xYmr_M YH ll!s! mQr} wYM m-kR MKNT kn#T xN xBY g#Y nW

yHZB q$_RNM bl@ xNq} XNmLkT yxF yHZB q$_R 885 l!N nW b2;25 X. x@. x. 1325 l!N b2;5; dG 1941 l!N YdRL tBl YtnbL XDgt$N bql# lmrT wYNM bMN H F_nT yHZB q$_R XNd=MR yCNN yx!TeN XNdMl@ mWsD YCL xh#N wY 77 l!N XytgmTN nW YH q$_R 7; l!N ynbrW mc& nW? 5; l!N ynbrWS? 3; l!N ytlWS? Q g!z@ nbR? YHN dG kxdg#T hgT yHZB q$_R UR SgZbW bRG_M bD h#n@ Xytwn=FN XNdn XNrlN b_Ql# bxF bxY 1;;; sC WS_ 38t$ x!S ytwl s!N k14 yNs# dG Yl#

kz!h N lN GN ywl!D m- SR+T s!Y dG xF ZQt dr Y TglC bxNND kH bC l# hgT lMl@ b!N g!n! Gn!b!W N ywl!D m- SR+T g 4 bm nW zmE ywl!D m- z \=T yl#T bD dG h#lT bm s!N bxNɄ dG 䉹!S yzmE ywl!D m- SR+T m-N kFt tBl tmZG*L 76 bm rS tC*L l@lC XNd GB} db#B xF dG k55 bm çns mD ClL bx-"Y yxF xY yzmE ywl!D m- SR+T 6; bm s!N b\ bC l# hgT dG 28 bm XNdn YaL

l@W xF y* xHg#E y|n |n tL -@ l!s! :qF XN!T yxF HBrTN sbW y}NS r_ yx@C.xY.v! SR+T y! LE tbC KNWN b\W mycW nW ys@C GRT bxF ZQt bLcW hgT XSk 1; bm ydRS s!R LM b-nKRcW hgT WS_ dG 89 bm yn#T s@C kqL XSk kFt drj yBLT mtLtL YdRScL

kxF HZB bxF ywTnT XD yg# k15 XSk 19 XD l# s@C xNDM tgdW bmdfR wYM l :DxcW lwND ts_tW xlM t-LfW tdFrW lXRGZ YrUl# YHN tkTl }NS r_ k}NS r-# UR lksT WSBSB y-@ :KLM YrUl#

bxF yx@C . xY . v! SR+T yx@DS b> SktlWN WSBSB yHbE y-@ yltE CGR XlT XlT XNN b@T ytUf-W CGNM _ xDR yzW bmn# Bz# yMwbT xYdlM

bx-"Y l-@W s!KtR ymdbW bqE Ln bjT b-@ Y btlY |n tL -@N bm-bQ bk#L xl#E t}: XNlW XSh#N ytT N;#S KFl xHg#E yxF SBsC rUGl# bxF b-@W rgD TRg#M lW mL XNYY h#lT xb!Y MKNC Y-ql# ymjmW bmsrt$ xF hBT yTM lW XNY\bT yb!Ks! YL yxF mC kBE bjcW 15 bm l-@ lmmdB "L gBtL CG CG YHN "L k!N wd tGR mmls# Y nW

btbT mNGST mssb! xĉ> ytdW SBs xb!Y Tk#rT bp$t$ s mSkrM 8, 1999x.M ltjmrW SBs n"qE nW ySBsW Tk#rT btlY xHg#R xqF y|n |n tL l!s! bWS-# bòcW xb!Y n_C Y WYYT DrG XLT sR nW

Xz!H btbT mNGST mssb! xĉ> btdW SBs Y R t&DS xDM y-@ _b" n!STR R n!K ymNGSt$ DRJT y|n HZB b! twY l@lC xNGC ytg# s!N SBsWN bxBYnT zUT yx!T y}NS yHiN hk!C HbR ymNGSt$ DRJT y|n HZB b! X -@ _b" n!St&R bmtbR

Bp$ SBs WYYT Tk#rT yg#T xHg#R xqF y|n |n tL -@ l!s! :qF C _qEc$

= bxF yHbE yHL ym\l#TN L yn# g#CN

kGMT WS_ bSgT x!S E ySn tL HCN

WT xL gT ç*cWN HC -kR

= y y|n tL -@ xgLGlCN b-@ XQD XNQS"s@

:qFk@J WS_ bD hgT l-@W zRF b!NS ybjcWN

15 bm lmmdB ygb#TN "L T

= xL hgt$ bh#l#M yLT GcW mSmR WS_ Sn N

ltT zwTR mST

= x@C. xY. v!N btmlkt yt ymkkL ym-R xQM

mF-R

= bg-R b wC tk#rT bmS-T xgLGlT QrB

bXnz!H X bl@lC m\rE g#C Y WYYT tdR xND \ WL YbJlL tBl ts YdrUL

x!G/ ESOG- Ethiopian Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists wYM yx!T y}NS yHiN hk!C HbR lT nW YHN xMD byMNt$ kxDS xDvRYz!NG UR bmtbR qRBCL/ SLK 0115506069 ..q$ 8731/ MNT XNg"... _ g!z@::

***

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

For problems or questions regarding this web contact esog@ethionet.et
Last updated: 06/12/07.

 

You are visitor No:

 Hit Counter